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Barbieri, Christina A.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Booth, Julie L. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019

The current study examined the effectiveness of self-explanation prompts, visual signaling cues, and a combination of the two features on middle school students' (N = 202) algebra learning. Also explored were the differential effects of features for students with faulty conceptual knowledge (evidenced by a higher prevalence of making errors during…

Descriptors: Middle School Students, Algebra, Mathematics Instruction, Cues

Ottmar, Erin; Landy, David – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017

Learning algebra is difficult for many students in part because of an emphasis on the memorization of abstract rules. Algebraic reasoners across expertise levels often rely on perceptual-motor strategies to make these rules meaningful and memorable. However, in many cases, rules are provided as patterns to be memorized verbally, with little overt…

Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Algebra, Outcomes of Education, Learning Processes

Ma, Jasmine Y. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016

This article explores an alternative strategy for designing hybrid instructional environments. Rather than bridging home or community funds of knowledge with school learning, I propose designing disruptions to typical school practices to invite students to recruit out-of-school resources meaningful and sensible to them in order to grapple with…

Descriptors: Instructional Design, Geometry, Mathematics Instruction, Ethnography

Martin, Taylor; Petrick Smith, Carmen; Forsgren, Nicole; Aghababyan, Ani; Janisiewicz, Philip; Baker, Stephanie – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015

The struggle with fraction learning in kindergarten through Grade 12 in the United States is a persistent problem and one of the major stumbling blocks to succeeding in higher mathematics. Research into this problem has identified several areas where students commonly struggle with fractions. While there are many theories of fraction learning,…

Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Concepts, Fractions, Educational Games

Langer-Osuna, Jennifer M. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015

This article investigates the coconstruction of student identity and engagement in the case of a 9th grader in a project-based algebra classroom that afforded students a great deal of autonomy. The focal student, Terrance, utilized classroom resources to serve both project-related and social functions as he interacted with his peers during…

Descriptors: Algebra, Mathematics Instruction, Active Learning, Student Projects

Ghousseini, Hala; Beasley, Heather; Lord, Sarah – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015

Recently, attention has focused on identifying core instructional practices that could leverage novice teachers' development of professional knowledge and skill. To help novices learn to implement these practices, there is also increasing interest in developing enactment tools that could translate abstract conceptual tasks into more concrete…

Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Communities of Practice, Teacher Collaboration, Teaching Methods

Sengupta-Irving, Tesha; Enyedy, Noel – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015

This article investigates why students reported liking a student-driven learning design better than a highly guided design despite equivalent gains in knowledge assessments in both conditions. We created two learning designs based on the distinction in the literature between student-driven and teacher-led approaches. One teacher assigned each of…

Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 5, Learner Controlled Instruction, Inquiry

Roll, Ido; Baker, Ryan S. J. d.; Aleven, Vincent; Koedinger, Kenneth R. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014

Seeking the right level of help at the right time can support learning. However, in the context of online problem-solving environments, it is still not entirely clear which help-seeking strategies are desired. We use fine-grained data from 38 high school students who worked with the Geometry Cognitive Tutor for 2 months to better understand the…

Descriptors: Help Seeking, Comparative Analysis, Behavior Patterns, Intelligent Tutoring Systems

Kapur, Manu – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014

A total of 136 eighth-grade math students from 2 Singapore schools learned from either productive failure (PF) or vicarious failure (VF). PF students "generated" solutions to a complex problem targeting the concept of variance that they had not learned yet before receiving instruction on the targeted concept. VF students…

Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 8, Mathematics Instruction, Failure

Hora, Matthew Tadashi; Ferrare, Joseph J. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013

Descriptions of faculty practice that illuminate nuances of how course planning and classroom instruction occur in specific contexts are important to inform pedagogical interventions. The study reported in this article draws on systems-of-practice theory to focus on the dynamic interplay among actors, artifacts, and tasks that constrains…

Descriptors: College Instruction, Undergraduate Study, College Mathematics, College Science

Abrahamson, Dor – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012

Some intensive quantities, such as slope, velocity, or likelihood, are perceptually privileged in the sense that they are experienced as holistic, irreducible sensations. However, the formal expression of these quantities uses "a/b" analytic metrics; for example, the slope of a line is the quotient of its rise and run. Thus, whereas students'…

Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, Middle School Students, Thinking Skills

Cobb, Paul; Jackson, Kara – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012

In this article we describe and illustrate an analytical perspective in which educational policies are viewed as designs for supporting learning. From the learning design perspective, a policy comprises 3 components that we term the what, how, and "why of policy": the goals for the learning of members of the group targeted by the policy, the…

Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Intentional Learning, Educational Policy, Policy Analysis

Lobato, Joanne; Rhodehamel, Bohdan; Hohensee, Charles – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012

As transfer researchers have begun to investigate a broader range of phenomena, they have correspondingly put forward new processes to provide explanatory accounts for the occurrence of transfer. This move coincides with a call to acknowledge the contribution of social interactions, language, cultural artifacts, and normed practices to the…

Descriptors: Transfer of Training, Mathematics Instruction, Cognitive Processes, Interpersonal Communication

Kapur, Manu; Bielaczyc, Katerine – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012

In this article, we describe the design principles undergirding "productive failure" (PF; M. Kapur, 2008). We then report findings from an ongoing program of research on PF in mathematical problem solving in 3 Singapore public schools with significantly different mathematical ability profiles, ranging from average to lower ability. In…

Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Problem Solving, Instructional Design, Direct Instruction

Alibali, Martha W.; Nathan, Mitchell J. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012

Gestures are often taken as evidence that the body is involved in thinking and speaking about the ideas expressed in those gestures. In this article, we present evidence drawn from teachers' and learners' gestures to make the case that mathematical knowledge is embodied. We argue that mathematical cognition is embodied in 2 key senses: It is based…

Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Mathematical Concepts, Physical Environment, Mathematics Instruction