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van de Pol, Janneke; Mercer, Neil; Volman, Monique – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Providing contingent or adaptive support (i.e., scaffolding) is effective. Yet it is unclear how it promotes students' learning. In this mixed-methods study, we investigated to what extent the effect of contingent support for students' learning is mediated by the extent to which students take up teachers' support in subsequent small-group work. We…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Student Attitudes, Small Group Instruction, Group Dynamics
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Sannino, Annalisa; Engeström, Yrjö; Lemos, Monica – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
This article examines formative interventions as we understand them in cultural-historical activity theory and reflects on key differences between this intervention research tradition and design-based research as it is conceived in the learning sciences tradition. Three projects, including 2 Change Laboratories, are analyzed with the help of…
Descriptors: Intervention, Transformative Learning, Learning Processes, Epistemology
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Heyd-Metzuyanim, Einat – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
This study uses a new communicational lens that conceptualizes the activity of learning mathematics as interplay between mathematizing and identifying in order to study how the emotional, social, and cognitive aspects of learning mathematics interact with one another. The proposed framework is used to analyze the case of Idit, a girl who started…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Education, Academic Failure, Mathematics Achievement
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Sharples, Mike; Scanlon, Eileen; Ainsworth, Shaaron; Anastopoulou, Stamatina; Collins, Trevor; Crook, Charles; Jones, Ann; Kerawalla, Lucinda; Littleton, Karen; Mulholland, Paul; O'Malley, Claire – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
A central challenge for science educators is to enable young people to act as scientists by gathering and assessing evidence, conducting experiments, and engaging in informed debate. We report the design of the nQuire toolkit, a system to support scripted personal inquiry learning, and a study of its use with school students ages 11-14. This…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Science Experiments, Science Activities, Inquiry
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Kapur, Manu – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
A total of 136 eighth-grade math students from 2 Singapore schools learned from either productive failure (PF) or vicarious failure (VF). PF students "generated" solutions to a complex problem targeting the concept of variance that they had not learned yet before receiving instruction on the targeted concept. VF students…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 8, Mathematics Instruction, Failure
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Kapur, Manu; Bielaczyc, Katerine – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
In this article, we describe the design principles undergirding "productive failure" (PF; M. Kapur, 2008). We then report findings from an ongoing program of research on PF in mathematical problem solving in 3 Singapore public schools with significantly different mathematical ability profiles, ranging from average to lower ability. In…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Problem Solving, Instructional Design, Direct Instruction
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Clark, Douglas B.; D'Angelo, Cynthia M.; Schleigh, Sharon P. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
This study investigates the ongoing debate in the conceptual change literature between unitary and elemental perspectives on students' knowledge structure coherence. More specifically, the current study explores two potential explanations for the conflicting results reported by Ioannides and Vosniadou (2002)and diSessa, Gillespie, and Esterly…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cognitive Structures, Physics, Coding