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Showing 1 to 15 of 37 results Save | Export
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Ramey, Kay E.; Uttal, David H. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Spatial thinking is important for success in engineering. However, little is known about "how" students learn and apply spatial skills, particularly in kindergarten to Grade 12 engineering learning. The present study investigated the role of spatial thinking in engineering learning at a middle school summer camp. Participants were 26…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Middle School Students, Spatial Ability, Engineering Education
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Ottmar, Erin; Landy, David – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Learning algebra is difficult for many students in part because of an emphasis on the memorization of abstract rules. Algebraic reasoners across expertise levels often rely on perceptual-motor strategies to make these rules meaningful and memorable. However, in many cases, rules are provided as patterns to be memorized verbally, with little overt…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Algebra, Outcomes of Education, Learning Processes
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Headrick Taylor, Katie – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
The "everyware" paradigm opens up new possibilities for learning on-the-move with technologies through urban spaces while also raising questions about emerging literacies required of users to understand and use the digital traces these technologies generate. This article develops locative literacies as a way of understanding place-based,…
Descriptors: Urban Areas, Geographic Information Systems, Geographic Location, Navigation
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Kapur, Manu – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
A total of 136 eighth-grade math students from 2 Singapore schools learned from either productive failure (PF) or vicarious failure (VF). PF students "generated" solutions to a complex problem targeting the concept of variance that they had not learned yet before receiving instruction on the targeted concept. VF students…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 8, Mathematics Instruction, Failure
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Jeppsson, Fredrik; Haglund, Jesper; Amin, Tamer G.; Stromdahl, Helge – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
A growing body of research has examined the experiential grounding of scientific thought and the role of experiential intuitive knowledge in science learning. Meanwhile, research in cognitive linguistics has identified many "conceptual metaphors" (CMs), metaphorical mappings between abstract concepts and experiential source domains,…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Chemistry, Figurative Language, Cognitive Processes
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Abrahamson, Dor – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
Some intensive quantities, such as slope, velocity, or likelihood, are perceptually privileged in the sense that they are experienced as holistic, irreducible sensations. However, the formal expression of these quantities uses "a/b" analytic metrics; for example, the slope of a line is the quotient of its rise and run. Thus, whereas students'…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, Middle School Students, Thinking Skills
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Reed, Stephen K. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
Many types of learning require the mapping of information across situations. The proposed organizational framework extends the cognitive study of mappings across problems to include mappings across representations, solutions, and sociocultural contexts. I apply one-to-one, one-to-many, and partial mappings to analyze representative cases that…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Cognitive Processes, Logical Thinking, Information Transfer
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Lobato, Joanne; Rhodehamel, Bohdan; Hohensee, Charles – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
As transfer researchers have begun to investigate a broader range of phenomena, they have correspondingly put forward new processes to provide explanatory accounts for the occurrence of transfer. This move coincides with a call to acknowledge the contribution of social interactions, language, cultural artifacts, and normed practices to the…
Descriptors: Transfer of Training, Mathematics Instruction, Cognitive Processes, Interpersonal Communication
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Nunez, Rafael – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
"The Journal of the Learning Sciences" has devoted this special issue to the study of embodied cognition (as it applies to mathematics), a topic that for several decades has gained attention in the cognitive sciences and in mathematics education, in particular. In this commentary, the author aims to address crucial questions in embodied…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Cognitive Processes, Human Body, Holistic Approach
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Stevens, Reed – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
For a long time, the body has had a bad rap among some big names in the Western philosophical tradition. Plato and Descartes come quickly to mind as particularly bad rappers. But it appears that the body is making a comeback in the cognitive and learning sciences. Long banished from the main stage by an idealized, inside-the-head…
Descriptors: Phenomenology, Human Body, Cognitive Processes, Holistic Approach
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Nemirovsky, Ricardo; Rasmussen, Chris; Sweeney, George; Wawro, Megan – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
In this article we contribute a perspective on mathematical embodied cognition consistent with a phenomenological understanding of perception and body motion. It is based on the analysis of 4 selected episodes in 1 session of an undergraduate mathematics class. The theme of this particular class session was the geometric interpretation of the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Mathematics Education, Perception, Mobility
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Alibali, Martha W.; Nathan, Mitchell J. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
Gestures are often taken as evidence that the body is involved in thinking and speaking about the ideas expressed in those gestures. In this article, we present evidence drawn from teachers' and learners' gestures to make the case that mathematical knowledge is embodied. We argue that mathematical cognition is embodied in 2 key senses: It is based…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Mathematical Concepts, Physical Environment, Mathematics Instruction
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Etkina, Eugenia; Karelina, Anna; Ruibal-Villasenor, Maria; Rosengrant, David; Jordan, Rebecca; Hmelo-Silver, Cindy E. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
Design activities, when embedded in an inquiry cycle and appropriately scaffolded and supplemented with reflection, can promote the development of the habits of mind (scientific abilities) that are an important part of scientific practice. Through the Investigative Science Learning Environment ("ISLE"), students construct physics knowledge by…
Descriptors: Science Process Skills, Skill Development, Cognitive Processes, Apprenticeships
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Wagner, Joseph F. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
Many approaches to the transfer problem argue that transfer depends on the recognition of the same or similar abstract "structure" in 2 different situations. However, mainstream cognitive perspectives and contrasting Piagetian constructivist accounts differ in their conceptualizations of structure. These differences, not clearly articulated in the…
Descriptors: Transfer of Training, Constructivism (Learning), Undergraduate Students, Mathematical Concepts
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Berti, Anna Emilia; Toneatti, Laura; Rosati, Veronica – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2010
Investigations of people's understanding of the evolution of species have focused mainly on secondary school and university students. Very few investigations have taken into consideration younger students, and none have related children's ideas about the origin of species to formal instruction on this topic. To help fill this gap, the present…
Descriptors: Evolution, Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 2
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