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Journal of the Learning…49
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Showing 1 to 15 of 49 results Save | Export
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Krist, Christina; Schwarz, Christina V.; Reiser, Brian J. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Mechanistic reasoning, or reasoning systematically through underlying factors and relationships that give rise to phenomena, is a powerful thinking strategy that allows one to explain and make predictions about phenomena. This article synthesizes and builds on existing frameworks to identify essential characteristics of students' mechanistic…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Heuristics, Epistemology, Middle School Students
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Klahr, David – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Learning scientists often use Donald Stokes's influential characterization of the relation between basic and applied research in his book "Pasteur's Quadrant" to suggest that most of the work in the learning sciences lies, or should lie, at the intersection of both types of research, that is, in the cell that is epitomized by Pasteur's…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Scientists, Correlation, Science Education
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Horn, Michael S. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Designers who create computer-based learning experiences for places like museums, out-of-school programs, and homes face a number of challenges related to the informal nature of such settings. Designs must generally function on their own without the support of teachers or curriculum while at the same time engaging a diverse audience, supporting…
Descriptors: Informal Education, Instructional Design, Interaction, Educational Technology
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Rubel, Laurie H.; Hall-Wieckert, Maren; Lim, Vivian Y. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
This article presents a set of spatial tools for classroom learning about spatial justice. As part of a larger team, we designed a curriculum that engaged 10 learners with 3 spatial tools: (a) an oversized floor map, (b) interactive geographic information systems (GIS) maps, and (c) participatory mapping. We analyze how these tools supported…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Maps, Geographic Information Systems, Educational Technology
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O'Neill, D. Kevin – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Several points of contrast are highlighted between design-based research (DBR) as often practiced within the learning sciences and design partnerships inspired by cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT). It is argued that learning scientists can improve their work by learning from CHAT-inspired DBR in 4 particular ways: (a) by recognizing the…
Descriptors: Research Design, Scholarship, Science Education, Cultural Context
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Greeno, James G. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
About two decades ago, Donald Stokes published "Pasteur's Quadrant" (Stokes, 1997). Stokes proposed that the motivations of different research projects can be understood as a two-dimensional system, with higher or lower concern for improving technology and practice on one dimension and higher or lower concern for improving fundamental…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Research Design, Research Methodology, Cultural Context
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Sannino, Annalisa; Engeström, Yrjö; Lemos, Monica – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
This article examines formative interventions as we understand them in cultural-historical activity theory and reflects on key differences between this intervention research tradition and design-based research as it is conceived in the learning sciences tradition. Three projects, including 2 Change Laboratories, are analyzed with the help of…
Descriptors: Intervention, Transformative Learning, Learning Processes, Epistemology
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Cole, Michael; Packer, Martin – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
This article uses a variety of principles of cultural-historical activity theory to extend Herbert Simon's (1996) insight into the inherent linkage between the creation of artifacts and design. We argue that design research must grapple with the doubly artificial, as the classrooms in which many educational designs are implemented are themselves…
Descriptors: Intervention, Design, Design Requirements, Educational Principles
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O'Neill, D. Kevin – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Research in the learning sciences is often motivated by the goal of shaping a better future through design. Architects and urban planners share this goal, and the history of their more ambitious designs provides clear examples of how attempts to build the future can turn out. After discussing similarities and differences between design in the…
Descriptors: Fantasy, Architecture, Urban Planning, Futures (of Society)
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Janssen, Fred; Westbroek, Hanna; Doyle, Walter – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
In his article "Principled Practical Knowledge: Not a Bridge but a Ladder," Carl Bereiter (2014) argues that theoretical knowledge is too shallow to support the generation of innovative learning activities. He makes a case for principled practical knowledge (PPK)--"principled know-how and know-why"--to fulfill this practical…
Descriptors: Educational Practices, Best Practices, Educational Principles, Praxis
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Bereiter, Carl – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
"Practicality Studies" (Janssen, Westbroek, & Doyle, 2015/this issue) starts with a critical commentary on "Principled Practical Knowledge: Not a Bridge but a Ladder" (Bereiter, 2014) but consists in the main of an essay on what the authors consider to be "really" practical knowledge for teachers. The gist of…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Educational Practices, Praxis, Reader Response
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Hammer, David; Berland, Leema K. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
We question widely accepted practices of publishing articles that present quantified analyses of qualitative data. First, articles are often published that provide only very brief excerpts of the qualitative data themselves to illustrate the coding scheme, tacitly or explicitly treating the coding results as data. Second, articles are often…
Descriptors: Criticism, Qualitative Research, Educational Research, Guidelines
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Bereiter, Carl – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
The much-lamented gap between theory and practice in education cannot be filled by practical knowledge alone or by explanatory knowledge alone. Principled practical knowledge (PPK) is a type of knowledge that has characteristics of both practical know-how and scientific theory. Like basic scientific theory, PPK meets standards of explanatory…
Descriptors: Theory Practice Relationship, Educational Theories, Educational Practices, Educational Research
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Jeppsson, Fredrik; Haglund, Jesper; Amin, Tamer G.; Stromdahl, Helge – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2013
A growing body of research has examined the experiential grounding of scientific thought and the role of experiential intuitive knowledge in science learning. Meanwhile, research in cognitive linguistics has identified many "conceptual metaphors" (CMs), metaphorical mappings between abstract concepts and experiential source domains,…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Chemistry, Figurative Language, Cognitive Processes
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Abrahamson, Dor – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
Some intensive quantities, such as slope, velocity, or likelihood, are perceptually privileged in the sense that they are experienced as holistic, irreducible sensations. However, the formal expression of these quantities uses "a/b" analytic metrics; for example, the slope of a line is the quotient of its rise and run. Thus, whereas students'…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, Middle School Students, Thinking Skills
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