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Krist, Christina; Schwarz, Christina V.; Reiser, Brian J. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Mechanistic reasoning, or reasoning systematically through underlying factors and relationships that give rise to phenomena, is a powerful thinking strategy that allows one to explain and make predictions about phenomena. This article synthesizes and builds on existing frameworks to identify essential characteristics of students' mechanistic…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Heuristics, Epistemology, Middle School Students
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Chin, Doris B.; Blair, Kristen P.; Wolf, Rachel C.; Conlin, Luke D.; Cutumisu, Maria; Pfaffman, Jay; Schwartz, Daniel L. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Educators aim to equip students with learning strategies they can apply when approaching new problems on their own. Teaching design-thinking strategies may support this goal. A first test would show that the strategies are good for learning and that students spontaneously transfer them beyond classroom instruction. To examine this, we introduce…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Learning Strategies, Teaching Methods, Design
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Jaber, Lama Z.; Hammer, David – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Most accounts of affect and motivation in the science education literature have discussed them as relevant to, but distinct from, disciplinary pursuits. These include Pintrich's seminal work on affective and motivational factors in learning science (P. R. Pintrich, 1999, 2003; P. R. Pintrich & E. De Groot, 1990; P. R. Pintrich, R. W. Marx,…
Descriptors: Science Education, Intermediate Grades, Middle School Students, Science Interests
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Takeuchi, Miwa Aoki – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
This ethnographic study examined students' opportunities to learn in linguistically diverse mathematics classrooms in a Canadian elementary school. I specifically examined the contextual change of group work, which influenced opportunities to learn for newly arrived English language learners (ELLs). Based on analyses of video-recorded…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Ethnography, Elementary School Students, English Language Learners
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Lineback, Jennifer Evarts – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Responsive teaching occurs when teachers take up and "respond" to their students' ideas during instruction (J. L. Pierson, 2008). Although responsive teaching is gaining recognition as an effective strategy for encouraging student learning, few methods of analysis are capable of characterizing the different ways in which teachers take up…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Discourse Analysis, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Discourse Modes
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Martin, Taylor; Petrick Smith, Carmen; Forsgren, Nicole; Aghababyan, Ani; Janisiewicz, Philip; Baker, Stephanie – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
The struggle with fraction learning in kindergarten through Grade 12 in the United States is a persistent problem and one of the major stumbling blocks to succeeding in higher mathematics. Research into this problem has identified several areas where students commonly struggle with fractions. While there are many theories of fraction learning,…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Concepts, Fractions, Educational Games
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Sullivan, Florence R.; Wilson, Nicholas C. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
This case study examines the role of playful talk in negotiating the "how" of collaborative group work in a 6th-grade science classroom. Here we develop and test a Vygotsky-derived hypothesis that postulates playful talk as a mechanism for identity exploration and group status negotiation. Our findings indicate that students utilized the…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Cooperative Learning, Grade 6, Science Instruction
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Sengupta-Irving, Tesha; Enyedy, Noel – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
This article investigates why students reported liking a student-driven learning design better than a highly guided design despite equivalent gains in knowledge assessments in both conditions. We created two learning designs based on the distinction in the literature between student-driven and teacher-led approaches. One teacher assigned each of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 5, Learner Controlled Instruction, Inquiry
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Jordan, Michelle E.; McDaniel, Reuben R., Jr. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
This study investigated how interaction with peers influenced the ways students managed uncertainty during collaborative problem solving in a 5th-grade class. The analysis focused on peer responses to individuals' attempts to manage uncertainty they experienced while engaged in collaborative efforts to design, build, and program robots and…
Descriptors: Robotics, Peer Influence, Cooperative Learning, Problem Solving
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Esmonde, Indigo – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
This article investigates how affluent students made sense of social justice issues that were embedded in mathematics learning activities. I present 2 case studies of such activities at the intermediate and secondary levels in 2 different schools. The analysis draws on video records and classroom artifacts and applies the theoretical framework of…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Mathematics Education, Advantaged, Learning Activities
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Engle, Randi A.; Langer-Osuna, Jennifer M.; McKinney de Royston, Maxine – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2014
It is commonly observed that during classroom or group discussions some students have greater influence than may be justified by the normative quality of those students' contributions. We propose a 5-component theoretical framework in order to explain how undue influence unfolds. We build on literatures on persuasion, argumentation, discourse, and…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Influences, Models, Group Discussion
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van Es, Elizabeth A. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
This study examines the nature of teacher participation in the context of a video club. Video clubs are professional development meetings in which teachers watch and discuss excerpts of video from their classrooms. In this study, I adopt a situative perspective to examine how teachers develop in their participation to accomplish the goals of the…
Descriptors: Teacher Participation, Clubs, Faculty Development, Professional Development