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Showing 1 to 15 of 148 results Save | Export
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Metz, Kathleen Emlen; Cardace, Amy; Berson, Eric; Ly, Uyen; Wong, Nicole; Sisk-Hilton, Stephanie; Metz, S. Emlen; Wilson, Mark – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
We investigated second and third graders' capacity to understand microevolution, given a learning progression leveraging intuitions to build more adequate explanations, problematizing core ideas within scientific practices, and in-depth study of a single domain (botany or animal behavior). The intervention was implemented in both researcher-taught…
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Grade 3
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Howe, Christine; Hennessy, Sara; Mercer, Neil; Vrikki, Maria; Wheatley, Lisa – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
It is now widely believed that classroom dialogue matters as regards student outcomes, with optimal patterns often regarded as requiring some or all of open questions, elaboration of previous contributions, reasoned discussion of competing viewpoints, linkage and coordination across contributions, metacognitive engagement with dialogue, and high…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Dialogs (Language), Classroom Communication, Outcomes of Education
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DeLiema, David; Enyedy, Noel; Danish, Joshua A. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Taking place within the Science Through Technology-Enhanced Play (STEP) design-based research project, this paper describes how first- and second-grade students use their bodies to imaginatively become microscopic particles inside of a collaborative simulation of state change (e.g., liquid to gas) and within two distinct play spaces: a…
Descriptors: Science Education, Play, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Calabrese Barton, Angela; Tan, Edna – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Opportunities to learn in consequential ways are shaped by the historicized injustices students encounter in relation to participation in STEM and schooling. In this article, it is argued that the construct of rightful presence, and the coconstructed "making present" practices that give rise to moments of rightful presence, is 1 way to…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Urban Schools, Middle Schools, Engineering Education
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Lavie, Irit; Sfard, Anna – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Conceptualizing numbers as discursive constructs generated in, and for the sake of, communication, we investigated the development of the numerical discourse of Milo, a boy who was 2 years and 8 months old when we first met him and whom we then followed for 18 months. Our analyses of the child's evolving responses to the question "Where is…
Descriptors: Numbers, Discourse Analysis, Males, Preschool Children
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Margulieux, Lauren E.; Catrambone, Richard – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Subgoal learning, a technique used to break down problem solving into manageable pieces, has been used to promote retention and transfer in procedural domains, such as programming. The primary method of learning subgoals has been passive, and passive learning methods are typically less effective than constructive methods. To promote constructive…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Learning Strategies, Logical Thinking, Guidance
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Holbert, Nathan; Wilensky, Uri – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
In this article we propose that educational game design should work to create games as objects-to-think-with--games that engage players in the exploration of and experimentation with personally interesting questions around domain-relevant representations. We argue that this design focuses on developing tools and interactions that the player can…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Educational Games, Video Games, Discovery Learning
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Levine, Sarah – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Research in literary response indicates that in classroom contexts, high school students have difficulty constructing thematic interpretations of literary texts, tending instead to summarize or build happiness-bound morals that ignore a text's potentially negative tones. However, studies in out-of-school contexts show students building thematic…
Descriptors: High School Students, Language Usage, Literary Criticism, Teaching Methods
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Ruiz-Gallardo, José-Reyes; Reavey, Duncan – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Misconceptions of science principles are frequent among university students. This is particularly problematic in teacher education, as these misconceptions can be passed on by teachers to pupils at school. In this study, 40 preservice teachers studied 8 common misconceptions by 3 different approaches: learning by teaching (LbT) and learning from…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Science Instruction, Team Teaching, Longitudinal Studies
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Krist, Christina; Schwarz, Christina V.; Reiser, Brian J. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Mechanistic reasoning, or reasoning systematically through underlying factors and relationships that give rise to phenomena, is a powerful thinking strategy that allows one to explain and make predictions about phenomena. This article synthesizes and builds on existing frameworks to identify essential characteristics of students' mechanistic…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Heuristics, Epistemology, Middle School Students
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Keifert, Danielle; Stevens, Reed – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Understanding children's inquiry often draws on exogenous understanding (i.e., scientists' inquiry, classroom expectations) without first understanding inquiry in children's everyday lives. In contrast, we examine young children's inquiry in their families to better understand their competent engagement in inquiry. Specifically, we develop an…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Young Children, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Education
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Klahr, David – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Learning scientists often use Donald Stokes's influential characterization of the relation between basic and applied research in his book "Pasteur's Quadrant" to suggest that most of the work in the learning sciences lies, or should lie, at the intersection of both types of research, that is, in the cell that is epitomized by Pasteur's…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Scientists, Correlation, Science Education
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van de Pol, Janneke; Mercer, Neil; Volman, Monique – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Providing contingent or adaptive support (i.e., scaffolding) is effective. Yet it is unclear how it promotes students' learning. In this mixed-methods study, we investigated to what extent the effect of contingent support for students' learning is mediated by the extent to which students take up teachers' support in subsequent small-group work. We…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Student Attitudes, Small Group Instruction, Group Dynamics
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Chin, Doris B.; Blair, Kristen P.; Wolf, Rachel C.; Conlin, Luke D.; Cutumisu, Maria; Pfaffman, Jay; Schwartz, Daniel L. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Educators aim to equip students with learning strategies they can apply when approaching new problems on their own. Teaching design-thinking strategies may support this goal. A first test would show that the strategies are good for learning and that students spontaneously transfer them beyond classroom instruction. To examine this, we introduce…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Learning Strategies, Teaching Methods, Design
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Russ, Rosemary S.; Berland, Leema K. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
A central goal of science education reform is for students to participate in scientific sense making rather than to merely acquire science facts. However, even in classrooms utilizing reform-based pedagogies, students are typically allowed to construct knowledge only insofar as they construct expected knowledge. In this report and reflection, we…
Descriptors: Science Education, Educational Change, Science Instruction, Concept Formation
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