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Showing 1 to 15 of 317 results Save | Export
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Margulieux, Lauren E.; Catrambone, Richard – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Subgoal learning, a technique used to break down problem solving into manageable pieces, has been used to promote retention and transfer in procedural domains, such as programming. The primary method of learning subgoals has been passive, and passive learning methods are typically less effective than constructive methods. To promote constructive…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Learning Strategies, Logical Thinking, Guidance
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Holbert, Nathan; Wilensky, Uri – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
In this article we propose that educational game design should work to create games as objects-to-think-with--games that engage players in the exploration of and experimentation with personally interesting questions around domain-relevant representations. We argue that this design focuses on developing tools and interactions that the player can…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Educational Games, Video Games, Discovery Learning
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Levine, Sarah – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Research in literary response indicates that in classroom contexts, high school students have difficulty constructing thematic interpretations of literary texts, tending instead to summarize or build happiness-bound morals that ignore a text's potentially negative tones. However, studies in out-of-school contexts show students building thematic…
Descriptors: High School Students, Language Usage, Literary Criticism, Teaching Methods
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Ruiz-Gallardo, José-Reyes; Reavey, Duncan – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Misconceptions of science principles are frequent among university students. This is particularly problematic in teacher education, as these misconceptions can be passed on by teachers to pupils at school. In this study, 40 preservice teachers studied 8 common misconceptions by 3 different approaches: learning by teaching (LbT) and learning from…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Science Instruction, Team Teaching, Longitudinal Studies
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Krist, Christina; Schwarz, Christina V.; Reiser, Brian J. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Mechanistic reasoning, or reasoning systematically through underlying factors and relationships that give rise to phenomena, is a powerful thinking strategy that allows one to explain and make predictions about phenomena. This article synthesizes and builds on existing frameworks to identify essential characteristics of students' mechanistic…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Heuristics, Epistemology, Middle School Students
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Keifert, Danielle; Stevens, Reed – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Understanding children's inquiry often draws on exogenous understanding (i.e., scientists' inquiry, classroom expectations) without first understanding inquiry in children's everyday lives. In contrast, we examine young children's inquiry in their families to better understand their competent engagement in inquiry. Specifically, we develop an…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Young Children, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Education
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Klahr, David – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Learning scientists often use Donald Stokes's influential characterization of the relation between basic and applied research in his book "Pasteur's Quadrant" to suggest that most of the work in the learning sciences lies, or should lie, at the intersection of both types of research, that is, in the cell that is epitomized by Pasteur's…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Scientists, Correlation, Science Education
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van de Pol, Janneke; Mercer, Neil; Volman, Monique – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Providing contingent or adaptive support (i.e., scaffolding) is effective. Yet it is unclear how it promotes students' learning. In this mixed-methods study, we investigated to what extent the effect of contingent support for students' learning is mediated by the extent to which students take up teachers' support in subsequent small-group work. We…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Student Attitudes, Small Group Instruction, Group Dynamics
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Chin, Doris B.; Blair, Kristen P.; Wolf, Rachel C.; Conlin, Luke D.; Cutumisu, Maria; Pfaffman, Jay; Schwartz, Daniel L. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Educators aim to equip students with learning strategies they can apply when approaching new problems on their own. Teaching design-thinking strategies may support this goal. A first test would show that the strategies are good for learning and that students spontaneously transfer them beyond classroom instruction. To examine this, we introduce…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Learning Strategies, Teaching Methods, Design
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Russ, Rosemary S.; Berland, Leema K. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
A central goal of science education reform is for students to participate in scientific sense making rather than to merely acquire science facts. However, even in classrooms utilizing reform-based pedagogies, students are typically allowed to construct knowledge only insofar as they construct expected knowledge. In this report and reflection, we…
Descriptors: Science Education, Educational Change, Science Instruction, Concept Formation
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Barbieri, Christina A.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Booth, Julie L. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
The current study examined the effectiveness of self-explanation prompts, visual signaling cues, and a combination of the two features on middle school students' (N = 202) algebra learning. Also explored were the differential effects of features for students with faulty conceptual knowledge (evidenced by a higher prevalence of making errors during…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Algebra, Mathematics Instruction, Cues
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Clarà, Marc – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
In recent decades, important advances have been made in understanding how discursive symmetry can be achieved in whole-class dialogue. However, very little is known about how this dialogue may progress in the sense of critically linking ideas in coherent lines of collective inquiry. This article investigates this issue by analyzing 4 consecutive…
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Inquiry, Cooperative Learning, Semantics
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Clark, Douglas B.; Tanner-Smith, Emily; Hostetler, Andrew; Fradkin, Aryah; Polikov, Vadim – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Much research focuses on what might be possible with digital games in the classroom. This study focuses on what is currently probable and typical. It uses a controlled quasi-experimental design to compare outcomes for students of 13 teachers in 10 diverse urban, suburban, and rural schools. The teachers integrated a set of 55 typical educational…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Educational Games, Video Games, Quasiexperimental Design
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Turner, Julianne C.; Christensen, Andrea; Kackar-Cam, Hayal Z.; Fulmer, Sara M.; Trucano, Meg – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Professional learning communities can be effective vehicles for teacher learning and instructional improvement, partly because they help change professional culture. However, little is known about "how" these changes occur. We used activity systems analysis to investigate the development of professional learning communities and their…
Descriptors: Communities of Practice, Systems Analysis, Instructional Improvement, Teacher Leadership
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Sawyer, R. Keith – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
This article describes the "studio model"--a cultural model of teaching and learning found in U.S. professional schools of art and design. The studio model includes the pedagogical beliefs held by professors and the pedagogical practices they use to guide students in learning how to create. This cultural model emerged from an…
Descriptors: Art Education, Design, Studio Art, Interviews
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