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Tsujino, Kemma – Journal of the International Society for Teacher Education, 2016
The characteristics of the modern school system, which integrates children into a "nation state," have been radicalized throughout history, especially in Japan and Germany. This research aims to clarify German and Japanese paradigms in public education through a focus on the roles of school teachers. The research asks: what is the…
Descriptors: Public School Teachers, Teacher Responsibility, Public Education, Educational Administration
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Petersen, Karen Bjerg – Journal of the International Society for Teacher Education, 2015
In the past decades, the importance of developing and validating informal and nonformal learning processes has been launched by several international organizations including UNESCO and the OECD, originally mostly focusing on adult learning experiences. Meanwhile, in recent years an increased focus has been evidenced on introducing informal and…
Descriptors: Informal Education, Nonformal Education, At Risk Persons, Teacher Education
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Tsujino, Kemma – Journal of the International Society for Teacher Education, 2015
In this article, teacher education reforms in Germany were analysed from a Japanese outsider's viewpoint. To describe the feature of "Germany" is never easy because of its diversity; however, from an outsider's viewpoint, certain unified features can be made clear. The symbol of today's reform is the teacher education standards from…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Quality Assurance, Educational Policy