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Tsujino, Kemma – Journal of the International Society for Teacher Education, 2016
The characteristics of the modern school system, which integrates children into a "nation state," have been radicalized throughout history, especially in Japan and Germany. This research aims to clarify German and Japanese paradigms in public education through a focus on the roles of school teachers. The research asks: what is the…
Descriptors: Public School Teachers, Teacher Responsibility, Public Education, Educational Administration
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Tsujino, Kemma – Journal of the International Society for Teacher Education, 2015
In this article, teacher education reforms in Germany were analysed from a Japanese outsider's viewpoint. To describe the feature of "Germany" is never easy because of its diversity; however, from an outsider's viewpoint, certain unified features can be made clear. The symbol of today's reform is the teacher education standards from…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Quality Assurance, Educational Policy