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Wareham, Todd – Journal of Problem Solving, 2017
In human problem solving, there is a wide variation between individuals in problem solution time and success rate, regardless of whether or not this problem solving involves insight. In this paper, we apply computational and parameterized analysis to a plausible formalization of extended representation change theory (eRCT), an integration of…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Schemata (Cognition), Intuition, Computation
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Danek, Amory H.; Wiley, Jennifer; Ă–llinger, Michael – Journal of Problem Solving, 2016
Insightful problem solving is a vital part of human thinking, yet very difficult to grasp. Traditionally, insight has been investigated by using a set of established "insight tasks," assuming that insight has taken place if these problems are solved. Instead of assuming that insight takes place during every solution of the 9 Dot, 8 Coin,…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Arithmetic, Intuition, Hypothesis Testing
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Goel, Vinod; Eimontaite, Iveta; Goel, Amit; Schindler, Igor – Journal of Problem Solving, 2015
While both insight and divergent thinking tasks are used to study creativity, there are reasons to believe that the two may call upon very different mechanisms. To explore this hypothesis, we administered a verbal insight task (riddles) and a divergent thinking task (verbal fluency) to 16 native English speakers and 16 non-native English speakers…
Descriptors: Stimulation, Creativity, Intuition, Creative Thinking
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Van Stockum, Charles A., Jr.; DeCaro, Marci S. – Journal of Problem Solving, 2014
Individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC) increase the ability and tendency to devote greater attentional control to a task--improving performance on a wide range of skills. In addition, recent research on enclothed cognition demonstrates that the situational influence of wearing a white lab coat increases controlled attention, due…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Short Term Memory, Attention Control, Intuition
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Funke, Joachim – Journal of Problem Solving, 2013
This paper presents a bibliography of 263 references related to human problem solving, arranged by subject matter. The references were taken from PsycInfo and Academic Premier data-base. Journal papers, book chapters, and dissertations are included. The topics include human development, education, neuroscience, and research in applied settings. It…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Bibliographies, Citations (References), Classification
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Kwisthout, Johan – Journal of Problem Solving, 2012
When computer scientists discuss the computational complexity of, for example, finding the shortest path from building A to building B in some town or city, their starting point typically is a formal description of the problem at hand, e.g., a graph with weights on every edge where buildings correspond to vertices, routes between buildings to…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Computation, Abstract Reasoning, Difficulty Level
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Batchelder, William H.; Alexander, Gregory E. – Journal of Problem Solving, 2012
This paper provides a critical examination of the current state and future possibility of formal cognitive theory for insight problem solving and its associated "aha!" experience. Insight problems are contrasted with move problems, which have been formally defined and studied extensively by cognitive psychologists since the pioneering…
Descriptors: Intuition, Problem Solving, Cognitive Processes, Theories
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Ash, Ivan K.; Jee, Benjamin D.; Wiley, Jennifer – Journal of Problem Solving, 2012
Gestalt psychologists proposed two distinct learning mechanisms. Associative learning occurs gradually through the repeated co-occurrence of external stimuli or memories. Insight learning occurs suddenly when people discover new relationships within their prior knowledge as a result of reasoning or problem solving processes that re-organize or…
Descriptors: Intuition, Learning Processes, Metacognition, Associative Learning
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Aiello, Daniel A.; Jarosz, Andrew F.; Cushen, Patrick J.; Wiley, Jennifer – Journal of Problem Solving, 2012
There is a general assumption that a more controlled or more focused attentional state is beneficial for most cognitive tasks. However, there has been a growing realization that creative problem solving tasks, such as the Remote Associates Task (RAT), may benefit from a less controlled solution approach. To test this hypothesis, in a 2x2 design,…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Problem Solving, Creative Thinking, Hypothesis Testing
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Cranford, Edward A.; Moss, Jarrod – Journal of Problem Solving, 2012
Compound Remote Associate (CRA) problems have been used to investigate insight problem solving using both behavioral and neuroimaging techniques. However, it is unclear to what extent CRA problems exhibit characteristics of insight such as impasses and restructuring. CRA problem-solving characteristics were examined in a study in which…
Descriptors: Intuition, Protocol Analysis, Problem Solving, Cognitive Restructuring
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Collier, Azurii K.; Beeman, Mark – Journal of Problem Solving, 2012
Often when failing to solve problems, individuals report some idea of the solution, but cannot explicitly access the idea. We investigated whether such intuition would relate to improvements in solving and to the manner in which a problem was solved after a 24- hour delay. On Day 1, participants attempted to solve Compound Remote Associate…
Descriptors: Intuition, Problem Solving, Recall (Psychology), Time Factors (Learning)
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Chu, Yun; MacGregor, James N. – Journal of Problem Solving, 2011
The article provides a review of recent research on insight problem-solving performance. We discuss what insight problems are, the different types of classic and newer insight problems, and how we can classify them. We also explain some of the other aspects that affect insight performance, such as hints, analogs, training, thinking aloud, and…
Descriptors: Performance, Intuition, Problem Solving, Literature Reviews
Ash, Ivan K.; Cushen, Patrick J.; Wiley, Jennifer – Journal of Problem Solving, 2009
In the present article, we articulate three assumptions underlying theories proposing that restructuring processes play a key role in insightful problem solving: representational difficulty, representational change, and discontinuity in solution processes. We argue that these assumptions need empirical validation to justify the proposition of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Restructuring, Cognitive Processes, Intuition, Problem Solving
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Osman, Magda – Journal of Problem Solving, 2008
Given the privileged status claimed for active learning in a variety of domains (visuomotor learning, causal induction, problem solving, education, skill learning), the present study examines whether action-based learning is a necessary, or a sufficient, means of acquiring the relevant skills needed to perform a task typically described as…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Active Learning, Skill Development, Observational Learning