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Chan, Joel; Nokes-Malach, Timothy J. – Journal of Problem Solving, 2016
People often use spatial metaphors (e.g., think "laterally," "outside the box") to describe exploration of the problem space during creative problem solving. In this paper, we probe the potential cognitive underpinnings of these spatial metaphors. Drawing on theories of situative cognition, semantic foraging theory, and…
Descriptors: Creativity, Physical Environment, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Creative Thinking
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Goel, Vinod; Eimontaite, Iveta; Goel, Amit; Schindler, Igor – Journal of Problem Solving, 2015
While both insight and divergent thinking tasks are used to study creativity, there are reasons to believe that the two may call upon very different mechanisms. To explore this hypothesis, we administered a verbal insight task (riddles) and a divergent thinking task (verbal fluency) to 16 native English speakers and 16 non-native English speakers…
Descriptors: Stimulation, Creativity, Intuition, Creative Thinking
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Wegbreit, Ezra; Suzuki, Satoru; Grabowecky, Marcia; Kounios, John; Beeman, Mark – Journal of Problem Solving, 2012
Behavioral and neuroimaging findings indicate that distinct cognitive and neural processes underlie solving problems with sudden insight. Moreover, people with less focused attention sometimes perform better on tests of insight and creative problem solving. However, it remains unclear whether different states of attention, within individuals,…
Descriptors: Verbal Learning, Problem Solving, Visual Learning, Attention
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Smith, Steven M.; Sifonis, Cynthia M.; Angello, Genna – Journal of Problem Solving, 2012
Does spreading activation from incidentally encountered hints cause incubation effects? We used Remote Associates Test (RAT) problems to examine effects of incidental clues on impasse resolution. When solution words were seen incidentally 3-sec before initially unsolved problems were retested, more problems were resolved (Experiment 1). When…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Creative Thinking, Semantics, Creativity
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Aiello, Daniel A.; Jarosz, Andrew F.; Cushen, Patrick J.; Wiley, Jennifer – Journal of Problem Solving, 2012
There is a general assumption that a more controlled or more focused attentional state is beneficial for most cognitive tasks. However, there has been a growing realization that creative problem solving tasks, such as the Remote Associates Task (RAT), may benefit from a less controlled solution approach. To test this hypothesis, in a 2x2 design,…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Problem Solving, Creative Thinking, Hypothesis Testing
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Goldenberg, Olga; Wiley, Jennifer – Journal of Problem Solving, 2011
Divergent thinking tasks are a popular basis for research on group creative problem solving, or brainstorming. The brainstorming literature has been dominated by research that investigates group performance by measuring the total number of generated ideas using the original rules put forth by Osborn (1953). This review of empirical literature on…
Descriptors: Conflict, Brainstorming, Criticism, Problem Solving
Ash, Ivan K.; Cushen, Patrick J.; Wiley, Jennifer – Journal of Problem Solving, 2009
In the present article, we articulate three assumptions underlying theories proposing that restructuring processes play a key role in insightful problem solving: representational difficulty, representational change, and discontinuity in solution processes. We argue that these assumptions need empirical validation to justify the proposition of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Restructuring, Cognitive Processes, Intuition, Problem Solving