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Chan, Joel; Nokes-Malach, Timothy J. – Journal of Problem Solving, 2016
People often use spatial metaphors (e.g., think "laterally," "outside the box") to describe exploration of the problem space during creative problem solving. In this paper, we probe the potential cognitive underpinnings of these spatial metaphors. Drawing on theories of situative cognition, semantic foraging theory, and…
Descriptors: Creativity, Physical Environment, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Creative Thinking
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Kizilirmak, Jasmin M.; Wiegmann, Berit; Richardson-Klavehn, Alan – Journal of Problem Solving, 2016
Recent evidence suggests that solving problems through insight can enhance long-term memory for the problem and its solution. Previous findings have shown that generation of the solution as well as experiencing a feeling of Aha! can have a beneficial relationship to later memory. These findings lead to the question of how learning in…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Long Term Memory, Cognitive Processes, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension)
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Storm, Benjamin C.; Koppel, Rebecca H. – Journal of Problem Solving, 2012
Thinking and remembering can cause forgetting. In the context of remembering, retrieving one item can cause the forgetting of other items (Anderson, Bjork, & Bjork, 1994). A similar phenomenon has been observed in the context of creative problem solving--attempting to generate a target associate in the Remote Associates Test (RAT) can cause…
Descriptors: Cues, Problem Solving, Memory, Undergraduate Students
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Haarmann, Henk J.; George, Timothy; Smaliy, Alexei; Dien, Joseph – Journal of Problem Solving, 2012
Previous studies found that performance on the remote associates test (RAT) improves after a period of incubation and that increased alpha brain waves over the right posterior brain predict the emergence of RAT insight solutions. We report an experiment that tested whether increased alpha brain waves during incubation improve RAT performance.…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Problem Solving, Cognitive Processes, Neurology
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Smith, Steven M.; Sifonis, Cynthia M.; Angello, Genna – Journal of Problem Solving, 2012
Does spreading activation from incidentally encountered hints cause incubation effects? We used Remote Associates Test (RAT) problems to examine effects of incidental clues on impasse resolution. When solution words were seen incidentally 3-sec before initially unsolved problems were retested, more problems were resolved (Experiment 1). When…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Creative Thinking, Semantics, Creativity
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Collier, Azurii K.; Beeman, Mark – Journal of Problem Solving, 2012
Often when failing to solve problems, individuals report some idea of the solution, but cannot explicitly access the idea. We investigated whether such intuition would relate to improvements in solving and to the manner in which a problem was solved after a 24- hour delay. On Day 1, participants attempted to solve Compound Remote Associate…
Descriptors: Intuition, Problem Solving, Recall (Psychology), Time Factors (Learning)