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Dumbrell, Tom; Smith, Erica – Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 2013
Little has been published in the Australian vocational education and training (VET) literature on the topic of pre-apprenticeships, which are a loose type of preparatory courses for apprenticeships available in some trades. Nevertheless, pre-apprenticeships have been in existence for several decades. With continuing concern over skill shortages in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Apprenticeships, Vocational Education, Questionnaires
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Smith, Erica; Comyn, Paul; Brennan Kemmis, Ros; Smith, Andy – Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 2011
Traineeships are apprenticeship-like training arrangements that were initiated in Australia in 1985. They were designed to introduce apprenticeship training to a broader range of industries, occupations and individuals; they are available in occupations outside the traditional trades and crafts. Many companies use them on a large scale, some…
Descriptors: Industry, Apprenticeships, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education
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Smith, Erica; Smith, Andy – Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 2009
This paper examines the Australian phenomenon of Enterprise Registered Training Organizations (RTOs). These are organizations that do not have training as their main business but that are accredited to deliver training and award qualifications, primarily to their own workers. Although Enterprise RTOs have been in existence in one form or another…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Training, Models
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Smith, Erica – Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 2006
This article examines the increased incidence of work-related qualifications for women in areas of work served by the vocational education and training (VET) system in Australia. Until 20 years ago, qualifications were generally available only for areas of work usually undertaken by men, apart from a few specific "women's occupations"…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Part Time Employment, Incidence, Females
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Smith, Erica – Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 2004
This article is a critical review of policy and literature relating to vocational education and training (VET) in schools in Australia. Over the past decade in Australia, VET in schools has grown considerably so that not only are nearly half of senior school students now involved, but also VET in schools represents around 10% of total VET…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Policy Analysis, Education Work Relationship
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Noble, Charles; Hill, Doug; Smith, Erica; Smith, Andrew – Journal of Vocational Education and Training: The Vocational Aspect of Education, 1999
In Australia, apprentices and trainees can choose training providers using public funds to finance training. User choice raises policy issues in several areas: access in remote locations, impact on equity groups, competitiveness of training markets, and tensions among stakeholders (government, employers, providers, apprentices). (SK)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Apprenticeships, Course Selection (Students), Educational Policy