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Cmar, Jennifer L. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: Given the lack of self-determination research and curricula focusing on children and youths with visual impairments (i.e., those who are blind or have low vision), the purpose of this article was to review the literature on effective self-determination practices for students with other disabilities for applicability to students with…
Descriptors: Self Determination, Students with Disabilities, Visual Impairments, Educational Research
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Kandalam, Suraj; Ferro, Tyler; Pawluk, Dianne T. V. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: This article describes the development and initial assessment of a set of tactile crayons that can produce different textured lines and areas on standard paper. Method: An assessment of the need for tactile crayons was performed through the use of surveys and focus groups from which a set of six tactile crayons was developed.…
Descriptors: Freehand Drawing, Art Materials, Manipulative Materials, Visual Impairments
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Cmar, Jennifer L.; Markoski, Kasey – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: Self-determination is a highly valued but under-researched component of the expanded core curriculum for students with visual impairments. In this study, the authors present results of a literature review on self-determination for children and youths with visual impairments (i.e., those who are blind or have low vision). Method:…
Descriptors: Self Determination, Visual Impairments, Blindness, Skill Development
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Rosenblum, L. Penny; Ristvey, John; Hospit├íl, Laura – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Teachers of students with visual impairments play an integral role in supporting both students with visual impairments and general education teachers so that students can access the curriculum, including science-related topics (Anderson, 2009; Bogner et al., 2011; Wild & Koehler, 2017). Wild and Koehler (2017) identify six responsibilities of…
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Blindness, Student Needs, Access to Education
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Perla, Fabiana; Maffit, Jamie – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
"Student portfolios" have been defined as "a purposeful collection of student work that exhibits the student's efforts, progress and achievements in one or more areas" (Paulson, Paulson, & Meyer, 1991, p. 30). They are typically comprised of a careful selection of artifacts, documents, and reflections portraying a child's…
Descriptors: Visually Impaired Mobility, Portfolios (Background Materials), Students with Disabilities, Student Projects
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Haegele, Justin A.; Buckley, Maggi – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: Examining the experiences of students with visual impairments about physical education can lead to a better understanding of how they perceive lessons, activities, and interactions with teachers and peers. Although research in this area of inquiry is growing, the existing literature is limited by geographic location. More…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Inquiry, Physical Education Teachers, Youth
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van Leendert, Annemiek; Doorman, Michiel; Drijvers, Paul; Pel, Johan; van der Steen, Johannes – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: Braille readers encounter difficulties when reading mathematical expressions. In this exploratory study, we created a setting to investigate these difficulties. Method: Using a motion-capturing system, we analyzed the tactile strategies of three braille readers while they read mathematical expressions. To compare tactile with visual…
Descriptors: Braille, Reading Difficulties, Mathematical Formulas, Tactual Perception
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Griffin-Shirley, Nora; Bozeman, Laura; Obiero, Nereah A.; Steinle, Kyle J.; Page, Anita – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to survey the faculty of personnel preparation programs that train orientation and mobility (O&M) specialists in the identification of accommodations, teaching techniques, and resources needed to teach students who are visually impaired (i.e., those who are blind or have low vision) and who are…
Descriptors: Travel Training, Visually Impaired Mobility, Visual Impairments, Assistive Technology
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McDonnall, Michele C.; Cmar, Jennifer L.; Antonelli, Karla; Markoski, Kasey M. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to measure blindness professionals' implicit attitudes about the competence of people who are blind, compare implicit attitudes of blindness professionals with those of employers in hiring positions, and examine blindness professionals' implicit attitudes by type of profession and work tenure. Methods:…
Descriptors: Attitudes toward Disabilities, Blindness, Competence, Employer Attitudes
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Candela, Anthony R. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Computer programming (also known as coding) is a career path that many individuals choose to pursue. The occupation of computer programmer has in the past and will continue in the future to afford people who are visually impaired (i.e., those who are blind or have low vision) a wide variety of job possibilities. Because students with visual…
Descriptors: Access to Computers, Accessibility (for Disabled), Blindness, Visual Impairments
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Pogrund, Rona L.; Darst, Shannon; Munro, Michael – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: This research followed the lead of an initial validation study and responded to the call from the state education agency-endorsed Service Intensity Subcommittee of the Texas Action Committee for the Education of Students with Visual Impairments to conduct a larger scale validation study on the Visual Impairment Scale of Service…
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Students with Disabilities, Test Validity, Test Reliability
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Tellefson, Mary J.; Koehler, William S.; Botsford, Kathryn D.; Cook, Leanne – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: Performance standards drive current instructional practice. Disability-specific curricula is a critical component in preparing children for postsecondary transition. Currently, no standards govern instruction in orientation and mobility (O&M) skills for children with visual impairments. Standards for O&M would provide…
Descriptors: Visually Impaired Mobility, Academic Standards, Visual Impairments, Validity
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Danaher, Shelley – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Editor's Note: This commentary is based on the conference sessions, "Orientation and Mobility Career, College and Community Readiness Standards," by Kathryn Botsford and Mary Tellefson, and "Engaging Students, Families and Teams for Success After High School," by Sheila Koenig, which took place on Thursday, February 28, 2019,…
Descriptors: Career Readiness, College Readiness, Orientation, Visually Impaired Mobility
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Okungu, Phoebe A.; Griffin-Shirley, Nora; Pogrund, Rona L. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: This study was intended to explore and identify the experiences and perceptions of teachers of students with visual impairments who are blind concerning their accommodation needs and to establish their opinions on what improvements can be made. Method: A qualitative case study design was used and was collected through interviews,…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Visual Impairments, Blindness, Students with Disabilities
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Savaiano, Mackenzie E.; Hebert, Michael – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: Not much is known about the writing skills of students with visual impairments, and this research is often limited to subgroups of the population or subskills. A more comprehensive approach to research on the writing skills of students with visual impairments is needed. Methods: Researchers used a cross-sectional design to examine…
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Students with Disabilities, Writing Skills, Adolescents
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