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Wang, Jian; Shen, Bo; Luo, Xiaobin; Hu, Qingshan; Garn, Alex C. – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2018
Purpose: Using Butler's teacher achievement goal orientation as a conceptual framework, we developed this study to validate a teachers' achievement goal instrument for teaching physical education. Methods: A sample of 322 Chinese physical education teachers participated in this study and completed measures of achievement goal orientations and job…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Factor Analysis, Predictive Validity, Mastery Learning
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Sun, Haichun; Li, Weidong; Shen, Bo – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2017
The purpose of this study was to review the literature relevant to learning in physical education (PE) according to the self-determination theory (SDT). In this literature review, we first provide an overview of SDT. Second, we discuss students' SDT-related motivational profiles in PE. Third, we illustrate the relationships among students'…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Learning Theories, Self Determination, Student Motivation
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Li, Weidong; Xiang, Ping; Gao, Zan; Shen, Bo; Yin, Zhihua; Kong, Qingtao – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2016
Purpose: This study examined the impact of published national physical activity (PA) and health guidelines, documents, and initiatives on the evolution of research on teaching K-12 physical education (PE) in U.S.A. from 1996 to October 2013. Methods: A total of 262 peer-reviewed, data-based journal articles meeting our inclusion and exclusion…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Physical Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Guides
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Centeio, Erin E.; McCaughtry, Nate; Gutuskey, Lila; Garn, Alex C.; Somers, Cheryl; Shen, Bo; Martin, Jeffrey J.; Kulik, Noel L. – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2014
The impact of Comprehensive School Physical Activity Programs (CSPAPs) on urban children's, educators', and parents' physical activity (PA) is relatively unknown. The purpose of this study was to explore overall changes in student, educator, and parent PA after an 8-month CSPAP-based program. This longitudinal, exploratory study implemented a…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Comprehensive School Health Education, Elementary Schools
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Garn, Alex C.; McCaughtry, Nate; Kulik, Noel L.; Kaseta, Michele; Maljak, Kim; Whalen, Laurel; Shen, Bo; Martin, Jeffrey J.; Fahlman, Mariane – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2014
Grounded in social cognitive theory, the purpose of this study was to examine leaders' and students' perspectives of factors that contribute to effective voluntary after-school physical activity clubs. Data were collected over two-years via field observations (n= 115) and interviews with students (n= 278) and adult leaders (n= 126). Results…
Descriptors: Social Cognition, Physical Activities, Hunger, Transportation
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Shen, Bo; McCaughtry, Nate; Martin, Jeffrey J.; Fahlman, Mariane; Garn, Alex C. – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2012
A sense of relatedness is individuals' views about themselves as connected to others and worthy of love and respect from others. Using the Self-System Model of Motivational Development as the framework, this study was designed to examine associations of urban high-school girls' relatedness toward teachers and peers with their behavioral and…
Descriptors: Females, Physical Education, Questionnaires, Learner Engagement
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Garn, Alex; McCaughtry, Nate; Shen, Bo; Martin, Jeffrey J.; Fahlman, Mariane M. – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2011
This study investigated the relationships among four distinct types of social goals, effort, and disruptive behavior in urban physical education. Social responsibility, affiliation, recognition, status goals, along with effort and disruptive behavior in physical education were reported by high school physical education students (N = 314) from…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Physical Education, Social Status, Structural Equation Models
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Shen, Bo; Li, Weidong; Sun, Haichun; Rukavina, Paul Bernard – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2010
Guided by Green-Demers, Leagult, Pelletier, and Pelletier's (2008) assumption that amotivation (absence of motivation) is a multidimensional construct, we designed this study to investigate the influence of inadequate teacher-to-student social support on amotivation of high-school physical education students. Five hundred and sixty-six ninth…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Structural Equation Models, Questionnaires, Grade 9
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Shen, Bo; Wingert, Robert K.; Li, Weidong; Sun, Haichun; Rukavina, Paul Bernard – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2010
Amotivation refers to a state in which individuals cannot perceive a relationship between their behavior and that behavior's subsequent outcome. With the belief that considering amotivation as a multidimensional construct could reflect the complexity of motivational deficits in physical education, we developed this study to validate an amotivation…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Construct Validity, Predictive Validity, Factor Structure
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Shen, Bo; McCaughtry, Nate; Martin, Jeffrey J.; Fahlman, Mariane M. – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2009
With the belief that theoretical integration in motivation may help us better understand motivational behavior, we designed this study to explore adolescents' motivational profiles and their associations with knowledge acquisition, leisure-time exercise behaviors, and cardiorespiratory fitness. Middle school students from a large urban inner-city…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Physical Activities, Physical Fitness, Student Motivation
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Martin, Jeffrey J.; McCaughtry, Nate; Shen, Bo – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2008
Theoretically grounded research on the determinants of Arab American children's physical activity is virtually nonexistent. Thus, the purpose of our investigation was to evaluate the ability of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and social cognitive theory (SCT) to predict Arab American children's moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA).…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Self Efficacy, Physical Activity Level, Arabs
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Shen, Bo; Chen, Ang – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2007
Using the model of domain learning as a theoretical framework, the study was designed to examine the extent to which learners' initial learning profiles based on previously acquired knowledge, learning strategy application, and interest-based motivation were distinctive in learning softball. Participants were 177 sixth-graders from three middle…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Middle Schools, Profiles, Learning Motivation
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Shen, Bo; Chen, Ang – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2006
Guided by the Model of Domain Learning (MDL), the study was designed to explore the extent of interrelations among prior knowledge, learning strategies, interests, physical engagement, and learning outcomes in a sixth-grade (N = 91) volleyball unit. Pearson product-moment correlations and a path analysis were conducted for the research purpose.…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Interests, Path Analysis, Learning Strategies