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Chambers, Jay G.; Perez, Maria; Esra, Phil – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2005
Within the population of students with disabilities there is a broad range of levels of expenditures. A few students with very high levels of needs can have a serious impact on the budget of an individual school district. The recent IDEA reauthorization allows state-level "local educational agency risk pools" to help distribute the…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Special Education, Student Needs, Educational Finance
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Perez, Maria; Chambers, Jay G.; Knudson, Joel – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2005
Although special education services for children age three through five have been part of the IDEA mandate for nearly 20 years, until recently relatively little attention has been given to the expenditures related to these programs and to what these funds buy in terms of the mix of general and special education classroom and related services.…
Descriptors: General Education, Related Services (Special Education), Special Education, Educational Finance
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Harr, Jenifer J.; Parrish, Thomas – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2005
IDEA Part B funds have more than doubled between the 1999 and 2003 fiscal years, from $4.3 billion to $8.9 billion. This is an increase from 8% to 13% of total special education spending. Increases in federal funds can theoretically support "program growth" by providing fiscal relief to states and districts facing rising special…
Descriptors: Program Development, Enrollment Trends, Special Education, Disabilities
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Benzel, Brian L. – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2005
Considerable debate exists about the failure of the federal government and the states to fully fund the special education mandates that have been placed into law and further expanded by case law. Work in local school districts is increasingly affected by the deliberate decisions that have created legal requirements for districts to provide…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Disabilities, Federal Government, Related Services (Special Education)
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Nagle, Katherine M.; Crawford, Jinny – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2005
Despite differences in geographic location, district size, and student characteristics, district special education leaders reflected similar views on opportunities and challenges of NCLBA. Challenges included making AYP, meeting the highly qualified teacher requirement, addressing budget shortfalls, aligning of federal policies, predicting the…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Educational Improvement, Educational Finance, Geographic Location
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Protz, Babette M. – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2005
Provisions of special education law under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act are many and complex. During the 2001-2002 school year over 48 million children in the United States, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico were enrolled in pre-kindergarten through Grade 12. Parents are becoming increasingly legally literate; the increased…
Descriptors: Administrators, Elementary Secondary Education, Learning Disabilities, Foreign Countries
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Madaus, Joseph W.; Shaw, Stan F.; Zhao, Jiarong – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2005
One hundred fifty-four special education directors in one northeastern state were surveyed regarding how specific components of Section 504 were implemented. Mean scores revealed that districts are properly implementing components of the law, including providing Section 504 plans only to students with disabilities, reviewing Section 504 plans on a…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Disabilities, Information Dissemination, State Standards
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Collins, Emily – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2005
In spite of various opinions about the requirements of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and of the newly reauthorized Individuals with Disabilities Education Act 2004 (IDEA) and the difficulties with implementing these federal laws, people are beginning to see positive outcomes and improvement in the academic performance of students with…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Disabilities, Cooperation, Special Education Teachers
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White, Deborah – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2005
The requirements of (NCLB) and the 2004 reauthorized Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) emphasize higher standards and achievement of all students. Fundamental changes are being implemented in organizing for instruction, staffing, and differentiating instruction. Leaders recognize the wall must come down between general and special education…
Descriptors: Educational Needs, General Education, Federal Legislation, Disabilities
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Mittnacht, Marcia – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2005
Funding special education is an ongoing subject of discussion and debate. It is also exceedingly complex. One state's funding methodology is rarely, if ever, completely comparable to another's, and yet people are constantly comparing them in search of the right one. In this article, the author suggests that people are looking in the wrong places…
Descriptors: Special Education, Educational Environment, General Education, Federal Legislation
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Whitmire, Kathleen A.; Eger, Diane L. – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2004
The majority of graduate programs in communication sciences and disorders train generalists who may not be prepared for the unique demands of employment in the schools (e.g., curriculum-based assessments, classroom-based interventions, collaborative consultation) because the complexities of caseloads and the roles and responsibilities of…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Speech Language Pathology, Professional Education, Competence
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Brannen, Susan J.; Huffman, Nancy P.; Marttila, Joan; Williams, Evelyn J. – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2004
The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) is the professional, scientific, and credentialing association for more than 109,000 audiologists, speech-language pathologists, and speech, language, and hearing scientists. ASHA's mission is to ensure that all people with speech, language, and hearing disorders have access to quality…
Descriptors: Communication Disorders, Speech Language Pathology, Audiology, Supply and Demand
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Giangreco, Michael F.; Halvorsen, Ann T.; Doyle, Mary Beth; Broer, Stephen M. – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2004
Though the utilization of special education paraprofessionals has increased, contemporary literature and research highlight a series of concerns about the field's continuing reliance on this approach. This article presents a three-component administrative model for effective utilization of paraprofessionals that includes paraprofessional supports,…
Descriptors: Educational Needs, Disabilities, Paraprofessional School Personnel, Special Education
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Harriott, Wendy A. – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2004
Inservice training (locally or state provided) is the primary means used to improve teachers' instruction employed in public school districts throughout the United States. Individual states are increasing inclusion efforts in the local schools. Various states have established state-initiated training programs to improve instruction for students…
Descriptors: Check Lists, Disabilities, Teaching Methods, Inservice Teacher Education
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Rapport, Mary Jane K.; Williamson, Pamela – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2004
District and building-level administrators are often responsible for the hiring and supervising of related services personnel. Thus, a deeper understanding of the personnel issues that exist in the related services disciplines becomes important. What we know about the supply and demand, professional preparation, and certification and licensure of…
Descriptors: Special Education, Special Needs Students, Delivery Systems, Supply and Demand
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