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Stevenson-Jacobson, Rita; Jacobson, John; Hilton, Alan – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2006
Educational leadership is ranked as the primary variable associated with effective schools. A number of studies have examined the role of principals and the skills needed for administering special education programs. Other research studies identified important knowledge and skills principals should have in relation to special education. In an…
Descriptors: Special Education, Educational Administration, Principals, Administrator Attitudes
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McCoun, Bev – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2006
As school districts across the nation gear up for Response to Intervention (RTI), much attention will be given to revamping existing educational support teams. Shepherd (2006) noted that studies have reported great variation in how Educational Support Teams (ESTs) function. Too often these teams operate without members being specifically trained…
Descriptors: Student Needs, Special Education, Early Intervention, Administrator Role
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Thurlow, Martha; Barrera, Manuel; Zamora-Duran, Grace – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2006
Few educators today would argue with statements about the growing diversity of the children being educated in most schools. There is acceptance and often celebration of this diversity, including the growth and dispersal of the population of children and youth from diverse linguistic backgrounds, but there are also concerns about the ability to…
Descriptors: Individualized Education Programs, Second Language Learning, Disabilities, Educational Opportunities
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Minnema, Jane; Elliott, Judy; Barboza, Jane; Thurlow, Martha; VanGetson, Gretchen – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2006
School districts, like many other societal groups, function as a system--a dynamically complex web of interaction in which each aspect of the district affects all other aspects. School districts have many outside forces to which they must respond, including state and federal mandates. These mandates impose top-down initiatives with little to no…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, School Districts, Limited English Speaking, State Programs
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Johnstone, Christopher J.; Anderson, Michael E.; Thompson, Sandra J. – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2006
English language learners (ELLs) with disabilities are an emerging population in the U.S. and therefore command special attention in assessment systems. Research has demonstrated that "universal design of assessment" approaches are effective in helping to make assessments more accessible for ELLs with disabilities. Special education…
Descriptors: Disabilities, English (Second Language), Educational Change, Academic Accommodations (Disabilities)
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Liu, Kristin K.; Albus, Deb; Thurlow, Martha – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2006
IDEA and NCLB support the case for including English language learners with disabilities in standards-based reform and school accountability efforts. Few states make statewide data on the participation and performance of English language learners with disabilities publicly available. Therefore, district assessment data on English language learners…
Descriptors: Accountability, Limited English Speaking, Performance Based Assessment, Student Participation
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Barrera, Manuel; Liu, Kristin K. – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2006
In today's educational climate of increased accountability for learning, parent involvement in the education of children is a topic that permeates educational discussions. Schools urge parents to support their child's learning at home by assisting with homework and reading every night, to participate in school committees, and to volunteer in…
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Instructional Development, Parent Participation, Second Language Learning
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Zirkel, Perry A. – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2006
The special safeguards and standards under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) for disciplinary "removals," or suspensions and expulsions, are complicated and controversial. The manifestation-determination (M-D) requirement plays a central role in this special framework (Zirkel, 2003). The 2004 Amendments of the IDEA…
Descriptors: Discipline, Disabilities, Federal Legislation, Court Litigation
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Rozalski, Michael E.; Yell, Mitchell L.; Boreson, Lynn A. – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2006
Seclusion timeout and physical restraint are aversive procedures designed to reduce or eliminate students' serious problem behavior. Using these procedures with students in special education has become commonplace in the last decade. Nevertheless, both seclusion timeout and physical restraint procedures have been, and continue to be, quite…
Descriptors: Legal Problems, Student Behavior, Civil Rights, Hearings
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Shepherd, Katharine G. – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2006
Since 1990, Vermont legislation has required all schools to establish an Educational Support System (ESS) that provides a comprehensive set of supports and services designed to meet the needs of students with disabilities as well as those at risk of school failure. Given the need to promote the success of an increasingly heterogeneous group of…
Descriptors: Prereferral Intervention, High Risk Students, Instructional Leadership, Special Education
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Nutting, Boen; Porfeli, Erik; Queen, J. Allen; Algozzine, Bob – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2006
The shifting emphasis within the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) legislation toward greater parental involvement is supported by the literature suggesting that engaging parents in their child's education will improve the effectiveness of schooling, especially programs directed toward educating students with disabilities.…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Disabilities, Educational Change, Parent School Relationship
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Chambers, Jay G.; Perez, Maria; Harr, Jenifer J.; Shkolnik, Jamie – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2005
The U.S. spent an estimated $50 billion on special education services in the 1999-2000 school year. Another $27.3 billion was spent on general education services, and an additional $1 billion was spent on other special needs programs for students with disabilities. The total spending to educate students with disabilities represents 21.4% of the…
Descriptors: Expenditures, General Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Disabilities
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Mahitivanichcha, Kanya; Parrish, Thomas – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2005
Special education as a percentage of total enrollment has risen significantly across the nation, increasing from 8% of the school-age population in 1975-76 to 12% in 2001-02. These growing numbers have garnered increased public attention and have raised questions as to whether the type of special education funding formula used by states may be…
Descriptors: Funding Formulas, Special Education, Enrollment Rate, Educational Policy
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Billingsley, Bonnie S. – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2005
The shortage of special education teachers is due in part to high attrition, especially among new entrants. Improving teacher retention and quality requires a holistic view of new teachers' needs, an understanding of the contexts in which they work, as well as the types of support that are needed. A leader's model highlights major considerations…
Descriptors: Teacher Persistence, Special Education Teachers, Special Education, Teacher Shortage
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Zaretsky, Lindy – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2005
Parent advocates play a key role in driving forward the debate and critical analysis of what constitutes professional knowledge in special education. The results of the study indicate that a burgeoning confidence and status might be attached to parental knowledge and expertise that could widen the traditional boundaries confined by the…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Disabilities, Parent School Relationship, Special Education
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