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Wheeler, Deborah S.; LaRocco, Diana J. – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2009
The purpose of this study was to describe special education administrators' reports of the social supports (House, 1981) that ameliorate the stress inherent in their professional role. This study used a mixed methods design and was conducted in two sequential phases involving 153 special education administrators in a northeastern state. During…
Descriptors: Special Education, Public Education, Administrator Role, Social Support Groups
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Thurlow, Martha; Barrera, Manuel; Zamora-Duran, Grace – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2006
Few educators today would argue with statements about the growing diversity of the children being educated in most schools. There is acceptance and often celebration of this diversity, including the growth and dispersal of the population of children and youth from diverse linguistic backgrounds, but there are also concerns about the ability to…
Descriptors: Individualized Education Programs, Second Language Learning, Disabilities, Educational Opportunities
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Minnema, Jane; Elliott, Judy; Barboza, Jane; Thurlow, Martha; VanGetson, Gretchen – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2006
School districts, like many other societal groups, function as a system--a dynamically complex web of interaction in which each aspect of the district affects all other aspects. School districts have many outside forces to which they must respond, including state and federal mandates. These mandates impose top-down initiatives with little to no…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, School Districts, Limited English Speaking, State Programs
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Shepherd, Katharine G. – Journal of Special Education Leadership, 2006
Since 1990, Vermont legislation has required all schools to establish an Educational Support System (ESS) that provides a comprehensive set of supports and services designed to meet the needs of students with disabilities as well as those at risk of school failure. Given the need to promote the success of an increasingly heterogeneous group of…
Descriptors: Prereferral Intervention, High Risk Students, Instructional Leadership, Special Education