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Hutzell, Kirsten L.; Payne, Allison Ann – Journal of School Violence, 2018
This study examines the impact of bullying victimization on school avoidance by proposing the following hypotheses: (1) Net of other factors, students who have experienced bullying victimization are more likely to engage in school avoidance behaviors; (2) There are protective factors that will decrease this relationship between bullying…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Regression (Statistics), Student Surveys
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Eklund, Katie; Meyer, Lauren; Bosworth, Kris – Journal of School Violence, 2018
School resource officers (SROs) are being increasingly employed in schools to respond to incidents of school violence and to help address safety concerns among students and staff. While previous research on school safety and crisis teams has examined the role of school mental health professionals' and administrators, fewer studies have evaluated…
Descriptors: School Safety, Crisis Management, Mental Health Workers, Police School Relationship
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Sevigny, Eric L.; Zhang, Gary – Journal of School Violence, 2018
This study investigates how barriers to school-based crime prevention programming moderate the effects of situational crime prevention (SCP) policies on levels of violent crime in U.S. public high schools. Using data from the 2008 School Survey on Crime and Safety, we estimate a series of negative binomial regression models with interactions to…
Descriptors: Barriers, Crime, Prevention, High Schools
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Siebert, Erin C.; Stewart, David G.; Hu, Emily M.; Estoup, Ashley C.; Underbrink, Erin G.; Moore, Lindsay S. – Journal of School Violence, 2018
Our aim was to test the hypothesized relationships between trauma exposure and alcohol-related problems, mediated by PTS symptoms, moderated by prior trauma exposure and help-seeking. Participants were 244 members of a private university who were enrolled or employed at the school on the date of a campus shooting. Online measures were distributed…
Descriptors: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Correlation, Drinking, Alcohol Abuse
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Nagamatsu, Miyuki; Ooshige, Narumi; Goto, Tomoko; Shimazaki, Azusa – Journal of School Violence, 2018
This study examined factors related to sexual assault among early adolescents in Japan. During a 6-month period, an anonymous questionnaire survey was distributed to 1,246 students ages 13-15 years at eight junior high schools. Consent to participation in this study was obtained from a total of 1,125 (90.3%) students. It was found that the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Adolescents, Sexual Abuse, Questionnaires
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VanZoeren, Sarah; Weisz, Arlene N. – Journal of School Violence, 2018
Complex issues such as bullying have brought to light the importance of expanding school prevention efforts to include interventions focused on multiple levels of practice. Utilizing data gathered from middle-school teachers across the state of Michigan, this study examines how both individual and organizational characteristics influence teacher…
Descriptors: Violence, Bullying, Intervention, Middle School Teachers
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Waasdorp, Tracy E.; Berg, Juliette; Debnam, Katrina J.; Stuart, Elizabeth A.; Bradshaw, Catherine P. – Journal of School Violence, 2018
Parochial schools are assumed to provide better social and academic experiences; however, few studies account for selection bias when comparing with public schools. This study contrasted public versus parochial schools using propensity score matching across a range of outcomes (e.g., perceptions of school, emotional symptoms, substance use,…
Descriptors: Risk, Parochial Schools, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Mental Health
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Ostrander, Jason; Melville, Alysse; Bryan, Janelle K.; Letendre, Joan – Journal of School Violence, 2018
Bullying prevention programs in the United States are being implemented in schools from kindergarten through high school to reduce rates of bullying behaviors. The bully prevention in positive behavior support (PBIS) model is an evidence-based, whole school intervention program. The PBIS model trains teachers, school staff, and administrators to…
Descriptors: Bullying, Prevention, Positive Behavior Supports, Intervention
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Bosworth, Kris; Garcia, Rafael; Judkins, Maryann; Saliba, Mark – Journal of School Violence, 2018
Bullying in secondary schools is a serious concern for educators and parents. The relationship between bullying and school climate has been identified and strategies to improve school climate are available. The importance of leadership in shaping school climate has been well documented. This exploratory study explores the role of leadership in…
Descriptors: Bullying, Educational Environment, High School Students, Leadership Role
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Levy, Michal; Gumpel, Thomas P. – Journal of School Violence, 2018
This study explores correlations between bystanders' intervention styles by means of the bullying circle model. Three aims were examined in this study. First, we reevaluated the number and type of bystander intervention styles in aggressive school incidents. Second, we examined the association between reports of relational aggression and…
Descriptors: Audiences, Intervention, Bullying, Prevention
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Heilbrun, Anna; Cornell, Dewey; Konold, Timothy – Journal of School Violence, 2018
The overuse of school suspensions has been linked to a host of negative outcomes, including racial disparities in discipline. School climate initiatives have shown promise in reducing these disparities. The present study used the Authoritative School Climate Survey--which measures disciplinary structure and student support as key measures of…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Authoritarianism, Educational Environment, Suspension
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Vilalta, Carlos J.; Fondevila, Gustavo – Journal of School Violence, 2018
Mexico, like other countries in Latin America, is currently facing significant problems with regard to juvenile antisocial behavior and crime. The current study explores some of the factors associated with school vandalism in public high schools. Multilevel modeling with survey data from 22,345 students from 249 schools, acquired over two years,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, Vandalism, Antisocial Behavior
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Dohy, Jennifer; Banks, Tachelle – Journal of School Violence, 2018
The present study examined variations in incidents of student insubordination and violence using an individual change model, which allowed for repeated observations of student behaviors in 148 Ohio schools at the initial status (2010) and over time (2010 and 2014). Findings were significant only at the initial status. As school size and total…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Public Schools, Violence, Police School Relationship
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Moore, Hadass; Benbenishty, Rami; Astor, Ron Avi; Rice, Eric – Journal of School Violence, 2018
Although homeless youth face a higher risk of victimization and mental health problems, little is known about school victimization and mental health outcomes for school-attending homeless youth. This study examined the relationship between school climate and school-related victimization and mental health problems among homeless youth. Multivariate…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Homeless People, Victims, Multivariate Analysis
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Bruening, Rebecca A.; Orengo-Aguayo, Rosaura E.; Onwuachi-Willig, Angela; Ramirez, Marizen – Journal of School Violence, 2018
Adolescent bullying is linked to numerous adverse psychosocial effects that can persist into adulthood. In response to this problem, in 2007 Iowa adopted an antibullying statute requiring all school districts to adopt an antibullying policy. From 2013-2014, 47 semistructured interviews were conducted with school and district administrators in…
Descriptors: Bullying, Parent Attitudes, Barriers, State Legislation
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