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Acosta, Joie; Chinman, Matthew; Ebener, Patricia; Malone, Patrick S.; Phillips, Andrea; Wilks, Asa – Journal of School Violence, 2019
This study assesses how perceptions of school climate and four mediating factors (school connectedness, peer attachment, assertiveness, and empathy) influence reports of bullying behaviors among 2,834 students in 14 middle schools. Results revealed that students in positive school climates reported experiencing fewer physical, emotional, and…
Descriptors: Correlation, Educational Environment, Bullying, Middle School Students
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Martín-Baena, David; Mayoral, Olga; Talavera, Marta; Montero, Isabel – Journal of School Violence, 2019
Objective: To explore the association between violence and suicidal behavior in female university students. Method: A convenience sample of 540 female students enrolled in the Nursing and Teacher Training Faculties at the University of Valencia was selected. Violence by partners, nonpartners, and both was compared with suicidal thoughts and…
Descriptors: Violence, Suicide, Females, College Students
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Connolly, Eric J.; Kavish, Nicholas; Cooke, Eric M. – Journal of School Violence, 2019
Existing research suggests that repeated bullying victimization is associated with lower levels of educational attainment. However, it is difficult to ascertain whether a true causal association exists since previously reported associations may be confounded by genetic and shared environmental factors that affect both repeated bullying…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Educational Attainment, Longitudinal Studies
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Cho, Sujung – Journal of School Violence, 2019
The current study applied an opportunity perspective and an individual trait approach to explain the link between bullying perpetration and victimization among early adolescents in South Korea. This study addressed direct effects of low self-control and lifestyle factors on bullying victimization as well as mediating effects of lifestyles on the…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Early Adolescents, Self Control
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Muñoz Reyes, José Antonio; Guerra, Rómulo; Polo, Pablo; Cavieres, Eduardo; Pita, Miguel; Turiégano, Enrique – Journal of School Violence, 2019
In this study, we applied an evolutionary perspective to analyze the relationship between aggressiveness, academic performance, and sociality in a population of 528 adolescents of both sexes. In men, we expect physical aggression (PA) and sociality to be negative predictors of academic performance. However, in women, PA would be a negative…
Descriptors: Aggression, Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Late Adolescents
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Parris, Leandra; Varjas, Kris; Meyers, Joel; Henrich, Chris; Brack, Jane – Journal of School Violence, 2019
Student responses to bullying have an effect on subsequent outcomes. Dichotomous theories of coping suggest that self-reliance plays a role in responding to stress. In order to investigate the multidimensional nature of coping with bullying, the authors developed the Coping with Bullying Scale for Children. The current study also examined the…
Descriptors: Coping, Bullying, Victims, Self Esteem
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Ma, Ting-Lan; Chen, Wei-Ting – Journal of School Violence, 2019
Despite a wealth of knowledge for factors predicting adolescent defending behaviors, it remains unknown about victims' adjustment resulting from experiencing the presence of different bystander roles in a victimization episode. This study analyzed 209 Taiwanese adolescents' reports of school-based peer victimization, perceived bystander actions in…
Descriptors: Victims, Emotional Adjustment, Social Adjustment, Role
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Baek, Hyunin; Andreescu, Viviana; Rolfe, Shawn M. – Journal of School Violence, 2019
This study examines the role played by a limited number of fear-of-crime correlates in structuring variations in fear of violent victimization expressed by a nationally representative sample of U.S. adolescents who participated in the 2013 National Crime Victimization Survey School Crime Supplement. Results show that both male and female…
Descriptors: Bullying, Fear, Victims, Adolescents
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Garner, Pamela W.; Waajid, Badiyyah – Journal of School Violence, 2019
Sociodemographic variables may have important implications for understanding the role of global and discrete-level emotion regulation ability in the prediction of elementary school children's peer victimization. We tested this hypothesis in a sample of 109 elementary school children from economically and racially diverse backgrounds. There was a…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Elementary School Students, Victims, Bullying
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Kurki-Kangas, Leena; Marttunen, Mauri; Fröjd, Sari; Kaltiala-Heino, Riittakerttu – Journal of School Violence, 2019
We analyzed the associations between sexual orientation and subjection to/perpetration of bullying at school, taking into account confounding by psychiatric symptom dimensions and involvement in the other role. Survey data among 25,147 boys and 25,257 girls in comprehensive school, and 33,231 boys and 36,765 girls in upper secondary education in…
Descriptors: Sexual Orientation, Bullying, Age Differences, Gender Differences
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Fisher, Benjamin W.; Gardella, Joseph H.; Tanner-Smith, Emily E. – Journal of School Violence, 2019
Social control and procedural justice theories indicate that informal social control reduces problem behaviors. However, many schools have implemented formal control mechanisms such as school security measures. This study examines the association between school security measures (security personnel, metal detectors, and surveillance cameras) and…
Descriptors: Social Control, Correlation, School Security, Teacher Student Relationship
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Wang, Ming Sheng; Hong, Jun Sung; Wei, Hsi-Sheng; Hwang, Yi-Ting – Journal of School Violence, 2019
The present study applied the social-ecological framework to explore factors associated with adolescents' experiences in bullying victimization in Taiwanese middle schools. Data include a random sample of 1,262 students, ages 13-15, from 43 middle schools in Taiwan's New Taipei City. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling was utilized to analyze…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Middle School Students, Correlation
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Felix, Erika D.; Binmoeller, Cecile; Sharkey, Jill D.; Dowdy, Erin; Furlong, Michael J.; Latham, Nicole – Journal of School Violence, 2019
Identifying patterns of victimization continuity and discontinuity over time can inform school-based efforts to prevent and intervene with peer victimization. We conducted a four-wave longitudinal study of students through their transition from middle to high school. Participants were 135 diverse students from Grade 8 to Grade 11 who completed…
Descriptors: Social Adjustment, Emotional Adjustment, Mental Health, Life Satisfaction
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Zullig, Keith J.; Valois, Robert F. – Journal of School Violence, 2019
This study evaluated a brief social self-efficacy (SSE) measure among 4,122 public middle school adolescents and its association with aggressive behavior. Data analytic procedures included calculating mean ratings, standard deviations in addition to inspecting the scale's reliability, internal structure, and relationships to demographic and…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Early Adolescents, Correlation, Aggression
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Siebert, Erin C.; Stewart, David G.; Hu, Emily M.; Estoup, Ashley C.; Underbrink, Erin G.; Moore, Lindsay S. – Journal of School Violence, 2018
Our aim was to test the hypothesized relationships between trauma exposure and alcohol-related problems, mediated by PTS symptoms, moderated by prior trauma exposure and help-seeking. Participants were 244 members of a private university who were enrolled or employed at the school on the date of a campus shooting. Online measures were distributed…
Descriptors: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Correlation, Drinking, Alcohol Abuse
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