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Holme, Jennifer Jellison; Heilig, Julian Vasquez – Journal of School Leadership, 2012
High school exit exam requirements are affecting a growing number of U.S. students--particularly low-income students and students of color. This article examines the policy and legal landscape of exit testing policy to shed light on some of the key issues facing local school leaders charged with implementing these policies. The article first…
Descriptors: Exit Examinations, Testing, Low Income Groups, Court Litigation
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Riester, Antoinette F.; Pursch, Victoria; Skria, Linda – Journal of School Leadership, 2002
Examines the role of principals in highly successful elementary schools serving primarily students from low-income homes in influencing two factors viewed a foundational for a school in which social justice is more than simply an abstract ideal: Development of early literacy for ever child and avoidance of overidentification and inappropriate…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrator Role, Democratic Values, Elementary Education
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Gordon, Stephen P.; Reese, Marianne – Journal of School Leadership, 1997
In this study, over 100 teachers completed open-ended surveys on how they prepare students for the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills and the test's effects on students, teachers, and schools. High-stakes testing has become the object rather than the measure of teaching and learning, negatively affecting curriculum, teacher decision making,…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, High Stakes Tests