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Woods, Isaac L., Jr.; Floyd, Randy G.; Singh, Leah J.; Layton, Haley K.; Norfolk, Philip A.; Farmer, Ryan L. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2019
Labels for scores stemming from intelligence tests have been employed since their inception in the United States. The purpose of this study was to systematically identify and document score labels for IQs used during the past 102 years. Using pairs of reviewers, score labels from 40 tests were reviewed, and 61 unique labels were identified.…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Scores, Intelligence Quotient, Labeling (of Persons)
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Miles, Sandra; Fulbrook, Paul; Mainwaring-Mägi, Debra – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
Universal screening of very early school-age children (age 4-7 years) is important for early identification of learning problems that may require enhanced learning opportunity. In this context, use of standardized instruments is critical to obtain valid, reliable, and comparable assessment outcomes. A wide variety of standardized instruments is…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Screening Tests, Young Children, Usability
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Benson, Nicholas F.; Beaujean, A. Alexander; Donohue, Ashley; Ward, Emily – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
W scores are used in a number of commercially available tests. Due to their complex nature, it can be hard for applied researchers and practitioners to understand them or even acquire information about them beyond what is provided in technical manuals. In this article, we provide information regarding the background and derivation of W scores that…
Descriptors: Scores, Item Response Theory, Achievement Tests, Cognitive Ability
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Cormier, Damien C.; Bulut, Okan; Singh, Deepak; Kennedy, Kathleen E.; Wang, Kun; Heudes, Alethea; Lekwa, Adam J. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
The selection and interpretation of individually administered norm-referenced cognitive tests that are administered to culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) students continue to be an important consideration within the psychoeducational assessment process. Understanding test directions during the assessment of cognitive abilities is…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Cognitive Ability, High Stakes Tests, Children
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Jewsbury, Paul A.; Bowden, Stephen C.; Duff, Kevin – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2017
The Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) model is a comprehensive model of the major dimensions of individual differences that underlie performance on cognitive tests. Studies evaluating the generality of the CHC model across test batteries, age, gender, and culture were reviewed and found to be overwhelmingly supportive. However, less research is available…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Individual Differences, Executive Function, Neuropsychology
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Reynolds, Matthew R.; Niileksela, Christopher R. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2015
"The Woodcock-Johnson IV Tests of Cognitive Abilities" (WJ IV COG) is an individually administered measure of psychometric intellectual abilities designed for ages 2 to 90+. The measure was published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt-Riverside in 2014. Frederick Shrank, Kevin McGrew, and Nancy Mather are the authors. Richard Woodcock, the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Tests, Testing, Scoring, Test Interpretation
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Cormier, Damien C.; McGrew, Kevin S.; Ysseldyke, James E. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2014
The increasing diversity of the U.S. population has resulted in increased concerns about the psychological assessment of students from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. To date, little empirical research supports recommendations in test selection and interpretation, such as those presented in the Culture-Language Interpretative…
Descriptors: Cognitive Tests, Scores, Validity, Classification
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Dombrowski, Stefan C. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2014
The Woodcock-Johnson-III cognitive in the adult time period (age 20 to 90 plus) was analyzed using exploratory bifactor analysis via the Schmid-Leiman orthogonalization procedure. The results of this study suggested possible overfactoring, a different factor structure from that posited in the Technical Manual and a lack of invariance across both…
Descriptors: Cognitive Tests, Adults, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure
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Dombrowski, Stefan C. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2014
Two exploratory bifactor methods (e.g., Schmid-Leiman [SL] and exploratory bifactor analysis [EBFA]) were used to investigate the structure of the Woodcock-Johnson III (WJ-III) Cognitive in early school age (age 6-8). The SL procedure is recognized by factor analysts as a preferred method for EBFA. Jennrich and Bentler recently developed an…
Descriptors: Cognitive Tests, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure, Young Children
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Taub, Gordon E.; McGrew, Kevin S. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2014
The Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Ability Third Edition is developed using the Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) measurement-theory test design as the instrument's theoretical blueprint. The instrument provides users with cognitive scores based on the Cognitive Performance Model (CPM); however, the CPM is not a part of CHC theory. Within the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Tests, Theories, Cognitive Ability, Models
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Goldstein, Sam – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2013
Intelligence has been defined in multiple ways throughout history. In the last 100 years a psychometric approach to define the concept of intelligence has come to dominate the concept. This Commentary provides a brief overview of the history and concepts of intelligence with an emphasis on intellectual assessment. Particular focus is placed on the…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Psychometrics, Factor Analysis, Test Validity
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Cormier, Damien C.; McGrew, Kevin S.; Evans, Jeffrey J. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2011
The linguistic demand of spoken instructions on individually administered norm-referenced psychological and educational tests is of concern when examining individuals who have varying levels of language processing ability or varying cultural backgrounds. The authors present a new method for analyzing the level of verbosity, complexity, and total…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Oral Language, Difficulty Level, Test Bias
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Krach, S. Kathleen; Loe, Scott A.; Jones, W. Paul; Farrally, Autumn – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2009
Validity studies with the Reynolds Intellectual Ability scales (RIAS) indicated that RIAS composite intelligence index (CIX) and verbal intelligence index (VIX) scores have moderate-to-high correlation with comparable scores on other instruments. The authors of the RIAS described the VIX scale as a measure of crystallized ability and the nonverbal…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Intelligence Tests, Scores, Correlation
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Krasa, Nancy – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2007
This study assesses the adequacy of item gradients and ceilings for the subtests of the Woodcock-Johnson III (WJ III) Cognitive and Achievement batteries, including the Diagnostic Supplement, in their use with participants ages 16 to 25 and Grades 10 to 18. Of the 52 subtests, 18 contain adequate item gradients and ceilings for the entire age and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Tests, Achievement Tests, Adolescents, Young Adults
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Lehman, Elyse Brauch; Olson, Vanessa A.; Aquilino, Sally A.; Hall, Laura C. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2006
Elementary school children in three grade groups (Grades K/1, 3, and 5/6) completed either the auditory or the visual 1/9 vigilance task from the Gordon Diagnostic System (GDS) as well as subtests from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children--Third Edition and auditory or visual processing subtests from the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Performance Tests, Cognitive Tests, Intelligence Tests
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