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Razmjoo, Seyyed Ayatollah – Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics, 2011
The Communicative Ability in language testing originates from a theory of language as communication proposed by Hymes (1972) and known as "communicative competence". The literature on language testing suggests that the practicality of communicative language testing (CLT) varies depending on how the instructors and teachers conceptualize…
Descriptors: Language Proficiency, Language Tests, Foreign Countries, Linguistic Theory
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Suh, Jae-suk – Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics, 1999
Presenting four types of evidence, this article argues that grammatical competence should not be a subcomponent of communicative competence in second-language instruction, but have a separate status. Focuses on the critical role of grammatical competence in the overall development of target-language proficiency. (Author/VWL)
Descriptors: Communicative Competence (Languages), Grammar, Interlanguage, Language Proficiency