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Razmjoo, Seyyed Ayatollah – Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics, 2011
The Communicative Ability in language testing originates from a theory of language as communication proposed by Hymes (1972) and known as "communicative competence". The literature on language testing suggests that the practicality of communicative language testing (CLT) varies depending on how the instructors and teachers conceptualize…
Descriptors: Language Proficiency, Language Tests, Foreign Countries, Linguistic Theory
Zohrabi, Mohammad – Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics, 2008
Any curriculum consists of several components: objectives, attitudes, time, students and teachers, needs analysis, classroom activities, materials, study skills, language skills, vocabulary, grammar and assessment. Before setting up a program or course of study, these components should be determined and described in detail. In fact, these elements…
Descriptors: Class Activities, Learning Activities, Teacher Role, Study Skills