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Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Grin, Francois – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1993
A model of language vitality is proposed that is a function of preferences for language choice, percentage of language-minority speakers, and the expectations-based adjustment to the observed change in language vitality. It shows that long-term survival with low demolinguistic figures is possible and suggests policy guidelines for reversing…
Descriptors: Demography, Foreign Countries, Language Maintenance, Language Research
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Grin, Francois – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1995
Describes a study of the economics of language competence in Switzerland and the efficacy of education systems undertaken to develop guidelines for language policy. This study was mandated by such issues as the reassertion of local identities, unprecedented migration flows, the emergence of the European Union, and the intensification of…
Descriptors: Community Attitudes, Educational Economics, Foreign Countries, Guidelines