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Giles, Matt; Giles, Howard; Bernhold, Quinten – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2019
Addressing the current gap in the literature regarding cultural festivals as a unique site of intergroup discourse, we invoke social identity and group vitality theories to explore the effect of attending an international cultural festival on members of different groups. A total of 143 participants at the 2016 Festival of Pacific Arts in Guam…
Descriptors: Pacific Islanders, Ethnicity, Cultural Activities, Identification (Psychology)
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Esteban-Guitart, Moisès; Viladot, Maria Àngels; Giles, Howard – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2015
Ethnolinguistic Vitality Theory (EVT) asserts that status, demographic and institutional support (IS) factors make up the vitality of ethnolinguistic groups within intergroup relations. Specifically, IS factor refers to the extent to which a language group enjoys representation in the various institutions of a society, in particular, mass media,…
Descriptors: Intergroup Relations, Ethnic Groups, Indigenous Populations, Community Support
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Dorjee, Tenzin; Giles, Howard; Barker, Valerie – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2011
Diasporic communities around the world regularly encounter challenges of preserving their identities and communication practices while adapting to their host social-cultural environment. Grounded in communication accommodation theory (CAT) and informed by recent research on deviance, this study investigated the relationships between Tibetan…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Foreign Countries, Cultural Context, Linguistic Theory
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Marlow, Mikaela L.; Giles, Howard – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2010
Ample research has explored language attitudes and speaker evaluations, yet it has not attended to direct incidences of language criticism. This article presents evidence demonstrating that a majority of those surveyed in Hawai'i have experienced language criticism. Coded data suggest that criticism takes place during employment, educational,…
Descriptors: Language Attitudes, Multilingualism, Criticism, Surveys
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Abrams, Jessica R.; Barker, Valerie; Giles, Howard – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2009
The concept of group "vitality" was developed over 30 years ago to assist in understanding of power relations between language groups. However, vitality has also been an important consideration when attempting to understand intergroup relations more generally. Vitality researchers distinguish "subjective" vitality from "objective" vitality. This…
Descriptors: Demography, Validity, Factor Structure, Measures (Individuals)
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Lim, Tae-Seop; Giles, Howard – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2007
This study examined the extent to which a one-year difference in age can influence college students' reported communicative behaviours in both the USA and South Korea. Korean students differentiated themselves far more than their American counterparts from other students one-year older or younger than themselves. The former reported that students…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Age Differences, Cultural Differences, Foreign Countries
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Giles, Howard; Dorjee, Tenzin – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2005
Tibetan civilisation is over two millenniums old and, today, its struggles in diaspora open up a new chapter in Tibetan history. Diasporic Tibetans (e.g. in India and the USA) have made tremendous efforts over the last few decades to maintain their way of life. We focus on cultural identity in the Tibetan diasporas, with special attention focused…
Descriptors: Multicultural Education, Multilingualism, Foreign Countries, Self Concept
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Barker, Valerie; Giles, Howard – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2002
Using vitality theory as a framework, investigates whether support for English-only policies among Anglo-Americans is related to perceptions about growing Latino group vitality and the presence of Spanish in the linguistic landscape. Conducted a telephone survey in Santa Barbara, California. Found Anglo-Americans' perceptions of growing latino…
Descriptors: English Only Movement, Hispanic Americans, Immigrants, Official Languages
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Giles, Howard; And Others – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1983
Provides a brief overview of the main methodological tools used in studies of language attitudes, focusing on the paradigm of speaker evaluation. Discusses the kinds of findings emerging from these studies and speculates on priorities for future language attitude research. (EKN)
Descriptors: Language Attitudes, Language Research, Language Role, Multilingualism
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Giles, Howard; Byrne, Jane L. – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1982
Outlines social psychological approach to language and ethnicity which allows understanding processes underlying group members' desires to create distinctive ethnolinguistic varieties. Evaluates Gardner's and Clement's social psychological models of second language acquisition in interethnic contexts; proposes specific social psychological…
Descriptors: Ethnic Groups, Ethnicity, Ethnolinguistics, Learning Processes
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Giles, Howard; And Others – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1990
Explores several models of cognitive and structural perspectives involving minority-language situations, and attempts to integrate them into a framework of predictive propositions that elaborate psychosocial climates of maintenance, majority-minority encounter, and interactive strategies. (65 references) (Author/CB)
Descriptors: Language Dominance, Language Maintenance, Language Research, Linguistic Theory
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Giles, Howard; And Others – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1989
Analysis of Polish emigres' (N=90) responses to a value survey (in English or Polish) showed predictable differences, according to level of cultural identification, notably about values of spirituality and traditional/conservative responsibility. A follow-up study of emigres to Tasmania yielded both similarities and dissimilarities in value…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Ethnicity, Foreign Countries, Immigrants
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Johnson, Pat; Giles, Howard – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1982
Reports a study of the values of three groups of British adolescents: bilingual Welsh, English-only-speaking Welsh, and English-only-speaking English. The Rokeach Value Survey was used and a comparative study was made of actual and perceived differences in values. Results are discussed according to a model of the functions of social stereotypes.…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Biculturalism, Bilingualism, Cross Cultural Studies