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Fernandez, Sue; Clyne, Michael – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2007
There have been few Australian studies of language maintenance amongst immigrant languages from the Indian subcontinent. The present study focuses on Tamil speakers in Melbourne from Sri Lanka or India, who are Hindus or Christians. Tamil is a pluricentric language that has been under the domination of English in these countries, at least amongst…
Descriptors: Language Patterns, Language Maintenance, Focus Groups, Foreign Countries
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Clyne, Michael – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1991
Focuses on the setting up and evaluation of a primary school German program in Melbourne using modified immersion principles. During the evaluation, this program was compared to a more traditional second-language program and one in which immersion principles operated to a lesser extent. How the evaluation was able to contribute to policy is…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Cultural Pluralism, Educational Policy, Foreign Countries
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de Bot, Kees; Clyne, Michael – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1994
Speech material gathered from Dutch-English bilinguals in Australia questioned in 1971 and 1987 was analyzed, showing no evidence of attrition in Dutch. It is concluded that first-language attrition does not necessarily occur in an immigrant setting and that immigrants who maintain their language in the first years of their stay will likely remain…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Dutch, English, Foreign Countries
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Kipp, Sandra; Clyne, Michael – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1997
Analyzes responses to 1996 Australian census regarding language use and compares them with those in the two previous censuses. Discusses divergent trends in different states and between two largest cities, Sydney and Melbourne. Comparison of language-shift rates between the three censuses and cross-tabulations with generation, age, gender, family…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Census Figures, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries