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ERIC Number: EJ1197446
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Children's Preference for Real Activities: Even Stronger in the Montessori Children's House
Taggart, Jessica; Fukuda, Eren; Lillard, Angeline S.
Journal of Montessori Research, v4 n2 p1-9 Fall 2018
In the United States, children are often given the opportunity to engage in pretend activities; many believe this kind of play benefits children's development (Haight & Miller, 1993; Haight, Masiello, Dickson, Huckeby, & Black, 1994; Parmar, Harkness, & Super, 2004; Roopnarine, 2010). Recent research has shown, though, that when children ages 4 to 6 are given a choice to do the pretend or the real version of 9 different activities, they would prefer the real one (Taggart, Heise, & Lillard, 2018). The reasons children gave for preferring real activities often concerned their appreciation of the functionality; when children did prefer pretend activities, their reasons often cited being afraid of, not allowed to, or unable to do the real activity. Given that children in Montessori classrooms have more experience performing real, functional activities, in this study we asked if this preference for real activities is even stronger among children in Montessori schools. We also asked children to explain their preferences. The data are from 116 3- to 6-yearold children (M = 59.63 months, SD = 12.08 months; 68 female): 62 not in Montessori schools and 54 in Montessori schools. Children explained their preferences for pretend and real versions of 9 different activities. Children in Montessori schools preferred real activities even more than did children in other preschools, but all children explained their choices in similar ways. The implications of these results are discussed with regard to play in preschool classrooms.
Descriptors: Preferences, Montessori Schools, Preschool Children, Childhood Attitudes, Activities, Age Differences, Preschool Education
American Montessori Society. 116 East 16th Street, New York, NY 10003. Web site: https://journals.ku.edu/jmr
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A