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Showing 106 to 120 of 178 results Save | Export
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Azar, Sandra T.; Stevenson, Michael T.; Johnson, David R. – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2012
Parents with intellectual disabilities (PID) are overrepresented in the child protective services (CPS) system. This study examined a more nuanced view of the role of cognition in parenting risk. Its goal was to validate a social information processing (SIP) model of child neglect that draws on social cognition research and advances in…
Descriptors: Child Neglect, Mothers, Mental Retardation, Child Rearing
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Fisher, Marisa H.; Moskowitz, Andrew L.; Hodapp, Robert M. – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2012
Compared to adults without disabilities, individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are more likely to experience social victimization. This study examined responses of caregivers of 146 adults with IDD on questionnaires concerning demographics and behavioral characteristics as well as a newly developed Social Vulnerability…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Violence, Mental Retardation, Caregivers
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Feldman, Maurice; McConnell, David; Aunos, Marjorie – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2012
Parents with cognitive impairments (CI) are overrepresented in child custody cases and their children are at risk for adverse outcomes. Ecological-transactional researchers propose that child outcomes are a function of the interaction of multiple distal, intermediate, and proximal risk and resilience factors. This study tested the fit of, and…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Mental Health, Child Custody, Foreign Countries
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Schroeder, Stephen R.; Courtemanche, Andrea – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2012
There is a very substantial literature over the past 50 years on the advantages of early detection and intervention on the cognitive, communicative, and social-emotional development of infants and toddlers at risk for developmental delay due to premature birth or social disadvantage. Most of these studies excluded children with severe delays or…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Early Intervention, Developmental Disabilities, Behavior Disorders
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Richman, David M.; Dotson, Wesley H.; Rose, Chad A.; Thompson, Samuel; Abby, Layla – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2012
This study identified (a) patterns of fearful stimuli for children and young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), (b) the severity of the fear, and (c) whether excessive fear or the absence of fear negatively affected the participant's quality of life. A web-based survey was used to distribute a modified and extended version of the Fear…
Descriptors: Autism, Fear, Stimuli, Severity (of Disability)
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Kurtz, Patricia F.; Chin, Michelle D.; Huete, John M.; Cataldo, Michael F. – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2012
Self-injurious behavior (SIB) is a chronic disorder that often begins in early childhood; however, few studies have examined the onset of SIB in young children. This preliminary study reports on the identification, assessment, and observation of SIB in 32 children who had begun to engage in SIB within the previous 6 months. Participants were under…
Descriptors: Self Destructive Behavior, Developmental Disabilities, Behavior Disorders, Disability Identification
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MacLean, William E.; Dornbush, Kylee – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2012
Self-injurious behavior (SIB) is a devastating condition associated with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Efforts to understand its development are focused on early childhood when the behavior first emerges. Limited prevalence data on SIB during early childhood are currently available. The purpose of this study was to determine…
Descriptors: Self Destructive Behavior, Incidence, Mental Retardation, Developmental Disabilities
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Mayo-Ortega, Liliana; Oyama-Ganiko, Rosa; Leblanc, Judith; Schroeder, Stephen R.; Brady, Nancy; Butler, Merlin G.; Reese, R. Matthew; Richman, David M.; Peacock, Georgina; Foster, Jessica; Marquis, Janet – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2012
Severe behavior problems among people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are a major barrier to integration in the community. Recent research suggests that these behaviors often begin very early in life and might be prevented by early identification and intervention (Rojahn, Schroeder, & Hoch, 2008). The current article…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Early Intervention, Mental Retardation, Developmental Disabilities
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Danov, Stacy E.; Tervo, Raymond; Meyers, Stephanie; Symons, Frank J. – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2012
The atypical antipsychotic medication aripiprazole was evaluated using a randomized AB multiple baseline, double-blind, placebo-controlled design for the treatment of severe problem behavior with 4 children with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Functional analysis (FA) was conducted concurrent with the medication evaluation to…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Rating Scales, Reinforcement, Drug Therapy
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Esbensen, Anna J. – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2011
This review focuses on the families of individuals dually diagnosed with intellectual disability (ID) and comorbid mental health problems. The review examines the impact of caring for individuals with ID and comorbid mental health problems on family well-being, the impact of the family on these individuals, and intervention and support needs of…
Descriptors: Family (Sociological Unit), Mental Retardation, Mental Health, Well Being
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Sleister, Heidi M.; Valdovinos, Maria Gabriela – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2011
Weight gain is an often-observed side effect of atypical antipsychotics (AAPs) and is particularly significant in individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). The majority of individuals treated with AAPs will gain at least 10% of their initial body weight over the course of therapy (Umbricht & Kane, 1996). One's genetic constitution is an…
Descriptors: Body Weight, Mental Retardation, Patients, Drug Therapy
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Singh, Nirbhay N.; Lancioni, Giulio E.; Singh, Ashvind N. A.; Winton, Alan S. W.; Singh, Angela D. A.; Singh, Judy – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2011
Individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) are often overweight or obese because of their delayed satiety response. Three individuals with PWS participated in a long-term, multicomponent mindfulness-based health wellness program to reduce their obesity by changing their lifestyles. The components included (a) physical exercise, (b) food…
Descriptors: Obesity, Exercise, Wellness, Genetic Disorders
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Hellings, Jessica A.; Boehm, Danna; Yeh, Hung Wen; Butler, Merlin G.; Schroeder, Stephen R. – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2011
We retrospectively reviewed clinic charts of 21 children and adolescents with developmental disabilities including autism spectrum disorders (ASD) treated consecutively with aripiprazole (ARI) for irritability and severe challenging behaviors. Data extracted include age, sex, and race; level of intellectual disability (ID); "Diagnostic and…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Body Composition, Mental Retardation, Autism
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Wigham, Sarah; Hatton, Chris; Taylor, John L. – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2011
This article systematically reviews the literature on the effects of adverse life events or trauma on people with intellectual disabilities. It is important to systematically examine empirical evidence of the effects of trauma in people with intellectual disabilities as to date the number of studies in this area is not substantial, and the effects…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Stress Variables, Literature Reviews, Experience
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Weiss, Jonathan A.; Slusarczyk, Maggie; Lunsky, Yona – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2011
Many individuals with intellectual disabilities who live with their families experience mental health problems and ensuing psychiatric emergencies. During periods of crisis, families may require additional services, including going to the emergency department (ED). The goal of this study was to elucidate demographic, clinical, and crisis features…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Mental Health, Psychiatric Services, Influences
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