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Groulx, Timothy J. – Journal of Historical Research in Music Education, 2018
Segregated schooling in Florida was initially a concession to gain public acceptance of free public education. Its effects can be seen in the band programs of many high school bands. This study looks at the effects of segregation and integration on bands at black high schools in Jacksonville, Florida (Duval County Public Schools). Much of the…
Descriptors: Racial Factors, School Segregation, Musicians, Music
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Groulx, Timothy J. – Journal of Historical Research in Music Education, 2016
Much of the twentieth century was a turbulent time in the United States for African Americans. During this time of segregation on numerous legal and social levels, bands were becoming part of the culture of many schools across the nation. Despite great adversity, many successful band programs were established at black schools as a result of the…
Descriptors: Music, Music Education, Music Teachers, African American Students