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Hannula, Kimberly A. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2019
Geoscientists use spatial thinking skills in many common tasks, such as adding a third dimension to two-dimensional maps by drawing cross-sections or envisioning rock fabrics from a single hand sample or exposure. Field courses allow students to practice and develop those skills in authentic settings. This study examines the development of spatial…
Descriptors: Geology, Science Instruction, Field Instruction, Spatial Ability
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Czajka, Charles Doug; McConnell, David – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2018
Past research has evaluated how preservice teachers, high school students, and introductory college students conceptualize geologic or deep time. The ability to think on geologic timescales is regarded as an important skill in the study of geology, yet little work has specifically addressed how student understanding of this concept evolves during…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Geology, Student Attitudes, Time
Sherman-Morris, Kathleen; Clary, Renee M.; McNeal, Karen S.; Diaz-Ramirez, Jairo; Brown, Michael E. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Summer camps have proven to be effective tools to engage students in the geosciences. Findings from this study highlight perceptions and experiences of middle school students from predominantly African American school districts in Mississippi who attended a 3-d residence camp focused on increasing interest in the geosciences through an earth…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, African American Students, Middle School Students, Resident Camp Programs
Nussbaum, E. Michael; Cordova, Jacqueline R.; Rehmat, Abeera P. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Refutation texts, which are texts that rebut scientific misconceptions and explain the normative concept, can be effective devices for addressing misconceptions and affecting conceptual change. However, few, if any, refutation texts specifically related to climate change have been validated for effectiveness. In this project, we developed and…
Descriptors: Climate, Misconceptions, Scientific Concepts, Instructional Materials
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Egger, Anne E.; Kastens, Kim A.; Turrin, Margaret K. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) emphasize how human activities affect the Earth and how Earth processes impact humans, placing the concept of sustainability within the Earth and Space Sciences. We ask: how prepared are future teachers to address sustainability and systems thinking as encoded in the NGSS? And how can geoscientists…
Descriptors: Teacher Education, Earth Science, Teacher Education Programs, Introductory Courses
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Holley, Elizabeth A. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
This study reports on a case study-based curricular intervention designed to help undergraduate engineering students make connections between geoscience and its applications. Teaching through case studies resulted in a measurable and significant improvement in the confidence that students had in their ability to apply geoscience concepts in an…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Engineering Education, Case Studies, Earth Science
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Webb, Brian S.; Hayhoe, Doug – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Despite an overwhelming scientific consensus, a significant proportion of the American public continues to reject anthropogenic climate change. This disparity is particularly evident among evangelical Christians, for whom theological conservatism, general scientific skepticism, political affiliations, and sociocultural influences may impede their…
Descriptors: Church Related Colleges, Christianity, Climate, Student Attitudes
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Ormand, Carol J.; Shipley, Thomas F.; Tikoff, Basil; Dutrow, Barbara; Goodwin, Laurel B.; Hickson, Thomas; Atit, Kinnari; Gagnier, Kristin; Resnick, Ilyse – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Spatial visualization is an essential prerequisite for understanding geological features at all scales, such as the atomic structures of minerals, the geometry of a complex fault system, or the architecture of sedimentary deposits. Undergraduate geoscience majors bring a range of spatial skill levels to upper-level courses. Fortunately, spatial…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Visualization, Curriculum, Geology
Todd, Claire; O'Brien, Kevin J. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2016
Anthropogenic climate change is a complicated issue involving scientific data and analyses as well as political, economic, and ethical issues. In order to capture this complexity, we developed an interdisciplinary student and faculty collaboration by (1) offering introductory lectures on scientific and ethical methods to two classes, (2) assigning…
Descriptors: Climate, Teaching Methods, Interdisciplinary Approach, Critical Thinking
Anderson, Steven W.; Libarkin, Julie C. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2016
Nationwide pre- and posttesting of introductory courses with the Geoscience Concept Inventory (GCI) shows little gain for many of its questions. Analysis of more than 3,500 tests shows that 22 of the 73 GCI questions had gains of <0.03, and nearly half of these focused on basic physics and chemistry. We also discovered through an assessment of…
Descriptors: Earth Science, Concept Teaching, Scientific Concepts, Pretests Posttests
Carrick, Tina L.; Miller, Kate C.; Hagedorn, Eric A.; Smith-Konter, Bridget R.; Velasco, Aaron A. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2016
The high demand for scientists and engineers in the workforce means that there is a continuing need for more strategies to increase student completion in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors. The challenge lies in finding and enacting effective strategies to increase students' completion of STEM degrees and in recruiting…
Descriptors: Earth Science, High School Students, Summer Programs, STEM Education
Lant, Christopher; Pérez-Lapeña, Blanca; Xiong, Weidong; Kraft, Steven; Kowalchuk, Rhonda; Blair, Michael – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2016
Guided by the Next Generation Science Standards and elements of problem-based learning, four human-environment systems simulations are described in brief--carbon, energy, water, and watershed--and a fifth simulation on nitrogen is described in more depth. These science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education simulations illustrate…
Descriptors: Energy, Water Quality, Conservation (Environment), Soil Science
Moss, Elizabeth; Cervato, Cinzia – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2016
As part of a campus-wide effort to transform introductory science courses to be more engaging and more accurately convey the excitement of discovery in science, the curriculum of an introductory physical geology lab course was redesigned. What had been a series of ''cookbook'' lab activities was transformed into a sequence of activities based on…
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Educational Change, Science Instruction, Cooperative Learning
Taylor, Zachary P.; Bennett, Drew E. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2016
Teaching ecosystem services provides an ideal opportunity to use inquiry-based learning to help students make connections between ecological, geological, and social systems. The idea of ecosystem services, or the benefits nature provides to society, has emerged as a key concept in a host of environmental fields and is just beginning to gain…
Descriptors: Ecology, Active Learning, Inquiry, Environmental Education
Luera, Gail; Murray, Kent – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2016
A mixed methods research approach was used to investigate the impact of a geosciences research institute upon 62 science teachers' knowledge, beliefs, and teaching practices related to teaching the geosciences. Pre- and postinstitute quantitative and qualitative assessments revealed mixed results. Results of a quantitative measure found a…
Descriptors: Science Education, Science Instruction, Science Teachers, Earth Science
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