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Wolfe, Benjamin A.; Riggs, Eric M. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Meeting the future demand for a qualified geoscience workforce will require efforts to increase recruitment, retention, and graduation of an increasingly diverse student body. Doing this successfully requires renewed attention to the needs and characteristics of underrepresented students, which include ethnic and cultural minorities, women, and…
Descriptors: Earth Science, Disproportionate Representation, Equal Education, STEM Education
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McConell, David A.; Chapman, LeeAnna; Czaijka, C. Douglas; Jones, Jason P.; Ryker, Katherine D.; Wiggen, Jennifer – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
The adoption of active learning instructional practices in college science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) courses has been shown to result in improvements in student learning, contribute to increased retention rates, and reduce the achievement gap among different student populations. Descriptions of active learning strategies…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Active Learning, Learning Strategies, STEM Education
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Holder, Lauren N.; Scherer, Hannah H.; Herbert, Bruce E. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Engaging students in problem-solving concerning environmental issues in near-surface complex Earth systems involves developing student conceptualization of the Earth as a system and applying that scientific knowledge to the problems using practices that model those used by professionals. In this article, we review geoscience education research…
Descriptors: Earth Science, Science Instruction, Problem Solving, Models
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Semken, Steven; Ward, Emily Geraghty; Moosavi, Sadredin; Chinn, Pauline W. U. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Place-based education (PBE) is a situated, context-rich, transdisciplinary teaching and learning modality distinguished by its unequivocal relationship to place, which is any locality that people have imbued with meanings and personal attachments through actual or vicarious experiences. As an observational and historical science, geoscience is…
Descriptors: Place Based Education, Earth Science, Teaching Methods, Indigenous Populations
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Callahan, Caitlin N.; LaDue, Nicole D.; Baber, Lorenzo D.; Sexton, Julie; Kraft, Katrien J. van der Hoeven; Zamani-Gallaher, Eboni M. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
For decades, programs targeting the recruitment and retention of underrepresented minorities (URM) have had local success in broadening participation in the geosciences. Meanwhile, national graduation rates of URM geoscience majors fall below the national graduation rates of URM STEM majors, generally. In this literature review, we summarize…
Descriptors: Student Recruitment, School Holding Power, Disproportionate Representation, Earth Science
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Bitting, Kelsey S.; Teasdale, Rachel; Ryker, Katherine – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) are responsible for direct instruction of geoscience undergraduate students at an array of universities and have a major effect on the knowledge, beliefs, and practices of their students. GTAs benefit from in-department training in both beliefs and practices that align with the existing literature on teaching…
Descriptors: Earth Science, Science Education, Educational Research, Evidence
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Cheek, Kim A.; LaDue, Nicole D.; Shipley, Thomas F. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Geoscientists analyze and integrate spatial and temporal information at a range of scales to understand Earth processes. Despite this, the concept of scale is ill defined and taught unevenly across the K-16 continuum. This literature review focuses on two meanings of scale: one as the magnitude of the extent of a dimension and the other as a…
Descriptors: Earth Science, Spatial Ability, Time, Scientific Concepts
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Carabajal, Ivan G.; Marshall, Anita M.; Atchison, Christopher L. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
People with disabilities make up the largest minority population in the U.S. yet remain sorely underrepresented in scientific disciplines that require components of field-based training such as the geosciences. This paper provides a critical analysis of broadening participation within geoscience education literature through the use of accessible…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Barriers, Teaching Methods, Equal Education
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van der Hoeven Kraft, Katrien J. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Interest is a complex interplay between affective and cognitive components that drive motivation. Over decades of work in the educational psychology community, a theoretical framework has emerged that explains this complex interplay. Interest is initially externally triggered (triggered situational interest), which, through support, can become…
Descriptors: Earth Science, Science Instruction, Science Interests, Teaching Methods
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Scherer, Hannah H.; Holder, Lauren; Herbert, Bruce – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Engaging students in authentic problem solving concerning environmental issues in near-surface complex Earth systems involves both developing student conceptualization of Earth as a system and applying that scientific knowledge using techniques that model those used by professionals. In this first paper of a two-part series, we review the state of…
Descriptors: Earth Science, Instructional Design, Systems Approach, Environmental Education