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Jo, Injeong; Bednarz, Sarah W. – Journal of Geography, 2011
This study investigates the location and varying spatiality of questions in geography textbooks. The results show that study questions posed in page margins address the three components of spatial thinking--concepts of space, using tools of representation, and processes of reasoning--more than questions in other locations within the text. Three…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Spatial Ability, Cognitive Processes, Thinking Skills
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Jo, Injeong; Bednarz, Sarah Witham – Journal of Geography, 2009
This article examines whether questions embedded in geography textbooks address three components of spatial thinking: concepts of space, tools of representation, and processes of reasoning. A three-dimensional taxonomy of spatial thinking was developed and used to evaluate questions in four high school level geography textbooks. The results…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Cognitive Processes, Geography Instruction, Spatial Ability