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Showing 1 to 15 of 1,470 results Save | Export
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Shohet, Cilly; Shay, Moran; Almog-Greenberg, Carmit; Adi-Japha, Esther – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
The current study examined the effect of a friend's presence on toddlers' behavior in high child-to-staff-ratio daycare settings. Toddlers (N = 38) were video-observed in the presence or absence of a verified friend in two situations that burden staff: morning separation and lunchtime (overall, 152 video observations). Higher levels of positive…
Descriptors: Friendship, Child Care, Toddlers, Prosocial Behavior
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Leroux, Audrey J. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
This study proposes a new model, termed the multiple membership piecewise growth model (MM-PGM), to handle individual mobility across clusters frequently encountered in longitudinal studies, especially in educational research wherein some students could attend multiple schools during the course of the study. A real data set containing some…
Descriptors: Student Mobility, Longitudinal Studies, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Grade 1
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Vispoel, Walter Peter; Morris, Carrie Ann; Sun, Linan – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
In two independent studies of questionnaire administration, respondents completed multidimensional self-concept inventories within four randomized research conditions that mirrored the most common administration formats used in practice: paper booklets with and without answer sheets and computer questionnaires with single versus multiple items per…
Descriptors: Self Concept Measures, Computer Assisted Testing, Questionnaires, Psychometrics
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Peura, Pilvi I.; Viholainen, Helena J. K.; Aro, Tuija I.; Räikkönen, Eija M.; Usher, Ellen L.; Sorvo, Riikka M. A.; Klassen, Robert M.; Aro, Mikko T. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
We investigated the specificity of reading self-efficacy among second- to fifth-grade children in Finland (N = 1,327). Bandura (1997) theorized that efficacy beliefs can be assessed at different levels of specificity; however, empirical support for this view is scarce among young children. Efficacy beliefs targeting reading-related activities were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Grade 3
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Dinsmore, Daniel L.; Fox, Emily; Parkinson, Meghan M.; Bilgili, Devrim – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
Explanatory patterns regarding situational differences in reading comprehension performance may be best captured by multidimensional reader profiles. Data from 56 third- and fifth-grade students were collected to investigate the applicability, scope, and convergent validity of a reader profiling scheme based on Alexander's (2005) reader profile…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Reading Skills, Grade 3, Grade 5
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Barnes, Tia Navelene; Cipriano, Christina; Flynn, Lisa; Rivers, Susan E.; Xu, Wei – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
We created the Recognizing Excellence in Learning and Teaching (RELATE) Tool for Special Education Classroom Observation to fill the need for a well-researched, observational tool that provides a more accurate lens for observing instructional and social processes in the self-contained, special education setting. In this study, we examined the…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Special Education, Self Contained Classrooms, Observation
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Berrío, Ángela I.; Herrera, Aura N.; Gómez-Benito, Juana – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
This study examined the effect of sample size ratio and model misfit on the Type I error rates and power of the Difficulty Parameter Differences procedure using Winsteps. A unidimensional 30-item test with responses from 130,000 examinees was simulated and four independent variables were manipulated: sample size ratio (20/100/250/500/1000); model…
Descriptors: Sample Size, Test Bias, Goodness of Fit, Statistical Analysis
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Raccanello, Daniela; Brondino, Margherita; Moè, Angelica; Stupnisky, Robert; Lichtenfeld, Stephanie – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
This study investigated the enjoyment, boredom, and anxiety of elementary school students and the relations of these emotions with achievement in two domains. Seven-hundred-and-sixty-seven second- and fourth-graders completed an adaptation of the Achievement Emotions Questionnaire-Elementary School (AEQ-ES: Lichtenfeld, Pekrun, Stupnisky, Reiss,…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Emotional Development, Grade 2, Grade 4
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Harwell, Michael – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
Measures of socioeconomic status (SES) are widely used in educational research and policy applications in no small part because of a deeply rooted belief of the importance of SES. This paper argues that the usefulness of common SES measures can be undermined by (a) an atheoretical approach to conceptualizing SES and selecting measures, which…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Measures (Individuals), Testing Problems, Educational Research
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Park, Sunyoung; Beretvas, S. Natasha – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
The log-odds ratio (ln[OR]) is commonly used to quantify treatments' effects on dichotomous outcomes and then pooled across studies using inverse-variance (1/v) weights. Calculation of the ln[OR]'s variance requires four cell frequencies for two groups crossed with values for dichotomous outcomes. While primary studies report the total sample size…
Descriptors: Sample Size, Meta Analysis, Statistical Analysis, Efficiency
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Arndt, Jana; Schüler, Anne; Scheiter, Katharina – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
This study investigated whether text-picture integration is facilitated when text and pictures are presented simultaneously instead of sequentially. Participants memorized general and specific sentences and pictures. It was expected that due to text-picture integration, participants should falsely recognize specific versions of the sentences and…
Descriptors: Pictorial Stimuli, Memorization, Sentences, Recognition (Psychology)
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Chang, Wanchen; Pituch, Keenan A. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
When data for multiple outcomes are collected in a multilevel design, researchers can select a univariate or multivariate analysis to examine group-mean differences. When correlated outcomes are incomplete, a multivariate multilevel model (MVMM) may provide greater power than univariate multilevel models (MLMs). For a two-group multilevel design…
Descriptors: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Multivariate Analysis, Research Problems, Error of Measurement
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Xiao, ZhiMin; Higgins, Steve; Kasim, Adetayo – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
Lord's Paradox occurs when a continuous covariate is statistically controlled for and the relationship between a continuous outcome and group status indicator changes in both magnitude and direction. This phenomenon poses a challenge to the notion of evidence-based policy, where data are supposed to be self-evident. We examined 50 effect size…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Decision Making, Research Methodology, Scores
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Singer Trakhman, Lauren M.; Alexander, Patricia A.; Berkowitz, Lisa E. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
This study explored the effects of processing texts in print or digitally on readers' comprehension, processing time, and calibration. Eighty-six undergraduates read print and digital versions of book excerpts about childhood ailments presented in counterbalanced order. Comprehension was tested at three levels (i.e., main idea, key points, and…
Descriptors: Reading Processes, Reading Comprehension, Undergraduate Students, Comparative Analysis
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Joo, Seang-Hwane; Ferron, John M.; Moeyaert, Mariola; Beretvas, S. Natasha; Van den Noortgate, Wim – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
Multilevel modeling has been utilized for combining single-case experimental design (SCED) data assuming simple level-1 error structures. The purpose of this study is to compare various multilevel analysis approaches for handling potential complexity in the level-1 error structure within SCED data, including approaches assuming simple and complex…
Descriptors: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Synthesis, Data Analysis, Accuracy
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