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Xu, Lihua; Wubbena, Zane; Stewart, Trae – Journal of Educational Administration, 2016
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the factor structure and the measurement invariance of the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) across gender of K-12 school principals (n=6,317) in the USA. Design/methodology/approach: Nine first-order factor models and four second-order factor models were tested using confirmatory…
Descriptors: Leadership Styles, Questionnaires, Transformational Leadership, Factor Structure
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Liu, Feng; Ritzhaupt, Albert; Cavanaugh, Cathy – Journal of Educational Administration, 2013
Purpose: This paper aims to describe a construct validation study of the Change Facilitator Style Questionnaire (CFSQ), an instrument designed to measure the leadership style of school principals as change facilitators. Design/methodology/approach: Participants included 614 K-12 teachers across the state of Florida involved in the Enhancing…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Leadership Styles, Principals, Construct Validity