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Hallinger, Philip – Journal of Educational Administration, 1992
Analyzes the evolving U.S. principalship between 1960 and the present, focusing on three influential roles: program manager, instructional leader, and transformational leader. Assesses these roles in light of contextual changes, particularly developments in national and state educational policy. Unfortunately, a strong administrative leader image…
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Context Effect, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education
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Murphy, Joseph; Hallinger, Philip – Journal of Educational Administration, 1992
Draws on other articles in this journal issue to identify emergent themes concerning the principal's evolving role in several countries. Explains the context for change, including reform pressures and political response, and examines principals' changing work environment, their transformed roles, and preparation and professional development…
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Decentralization, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education
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Inbar, Dan E. – Journal of Educational Administration, 1995
Explores administrators' basic modes of information processing: relating to and recalling information without considering implications; relating to information according to practical implications; posing critical questions about information's validity; and relating to information according to fundamental principles. Administrators have different…
Descriptors: Administrators, Cognitive Style, Critical Thinking, Elementary Secondary Education
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Nhundu, Tichatonga J. – Journal of Educational Administration, 1992
Reports on self-appraisals in educational settings using perceptions of teacher interns and their supervisors. Unlike self-ratings performed in noneducational settings, educator self-appraisals and supervisor appraisals were found to be significantly correlated, with self-appraisals showing less leniency than corresponding supervisor appraisals…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Job Satisfaction, Role Perception, Self Evaluation (Individuals)
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Heck, Ronald H. – Journal of Educational Administration, 1991
Describes school principal leadership in the United States, reviews current literature, and suggests future research for facilitating effective school administrator preparation in various contexts. Leaders are only sometimes "masters of their fates." Given the current demands for implementing school-level reforms, too much leadership is being…
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Context Effect, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education
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Ziolkowsky, George A.; Willower, Donald J. – Journal of Educational Administration, 1991
When interviewed about school personnel's serious misconduct incidents, 50 superintendents indicated they case managed the incidents, mindful of due process. Comparisons were made with a previous study of principals. Results suggested that institutional organizations theory's blanket emphasis on ritualistic legitimation, the logic of confidence,…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Crisis Management, Elementary Secondary Education, Norms
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Maxwell, T. W.; Thomas, A. Ross – Journal of Educational Administration, 1991
Although "climate" has become a part of teachers' everyday language, it is a devious metaphor. An interactive model of school culture (with both covert and overt dimensions) is a more useful concept that could help teachers develop a deeper understanding of school context while reducing their manipulation by researchers. (30 references) (MLH)
Descriptors: Context Effect, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Jargon
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Swafford, Glenn L. – Journal of Educational Administration, 1990
Analysis of all the articles published in the "Journal of Educational Administration" over the past 25 years reveals that (male) university teachers and researchers are the major contributors and that the journal has developed a more scholarly, research-based orientation, including a large number of empirical papers. The "mirror" image prevails.…
Descriptors: Educational Administration, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Periodicals
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Levin, Benjamin – Journal of Educational Administration, 1993
Explores the relationship between schools and the surrounding environment. The literature stresses the need for organizations to adapt to external pressures and managers' key role in that process. Theoretical and empirical work questions the myths of individual leadership and organizational responsiveness. Organizations typically proceed…
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Environmental Influences
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Bingham, Richard D.; And Others – Journal of Educational Administration, 1993
Explores why principals rate their schools more highly than their own teachers do. Disagreements between teachers and principals stem mainly from opinion differences concerning discipline, as this and previous studies affirm. Principals wanting higher teacher morale and closer agreement on school ratings should work toward greater congruence…
Descriptors: Differences, Discipline, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Criteria
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Johnston, A. P.; Moore, Joseph B. – Journal of Educational Administration, 1990
Explores what difference the tightness or looseness of language makes in a policy's actual implementation. Applies three policy language categories (philosophical, professional, and prescriptive) to several uses (purpose, evaluation, discretion, responsibility, and relationship) to explain the importance of wording battles to policymaking…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Language, Policy Formation
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Immegart, Glenn L. – Journal of Educational Administration, 1990
Argues that the development of scholarly skills is missing from advanced preparation in educational administration. Inquiry, analysis, and writing are essential professional skills. Weak scholarship derives from simplistic emulation of social science disciplines, equation of research with scholarship in educational administration, and the new…
Descriptors: Administrator Education, Educational Administration, Elementary Secondary Education, Research Skills
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Mulkeen, Thomas A.; Tetenbaum, Toby J. – Journal of Educational Administration, 1990
Describes the structures, curriculum, and instructional modes desirable in an administrator preparation program compatible with the needs of the twenty-first century. The model presented emphasizes a field-based program that integrates theory and practice through a hierarchically structured problem-solving approach to learning. Paid internships…
Descriptors: Administrator Education, Administrator Selection, Curriculum Development, Educational Administration
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Miskel, Cecil – Journal of Educational Administration, 1990
Reviews the literature treating the role and status of research in educational administrator preparation programs and discusses alternative ways to incorporate research into these programs. Uses a framework based on three categories: a historical perspective, the knowledge base, and faculty orientations. (58 references) (MLH)
Descriptors: Administrator Education, Educational Administration, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education
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Simpkins, William S. – Journal of Educational Administration, 1990
Creative projects, whether in the arts, literature, or social aspects of education, demand a mixture of the "subconscious" (imaginative) and "intellectual" (rational), not the rejection of one in favor of the other. Rationality and imagination are complementary in speculative research. An advocacy approach may be appropriate in certain cases. (20…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Advocacy, Creative Thinking, Critical Thinking
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