NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
Showing all 3 results Save | Export
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Hanson, E. Mark – Journal of Educational Administration, 1998
Explains key issues and forces that shape organization and management strategies of educational decentralization, using examples from Colombia, Venezuela, Argentina, Nicaragua, and Spain. Core decentralization issues include national and regional goals, planning, political stress, resource distribution, infrastructure development, and job…
Descriptors: Centralization, Decentralization, Developing Nations, Educational Policy
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Hanson, E. Mark – Journal of Educational Administration, 1991
The first education reform wave stressed top-down state initiatives identifying educators as the problem and prescribed greater accountability, closer supervision, tighter regulation, better teacher screening, tougher graduation standards, and a longer school year. The second reform wave saw educators as the solution and advocated bottom-up…
Descriptors: Accountability, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, School Based Management
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Hanson, E. Mark – Journal of Educational Administration, 1990
Identifies and analyzes the organizational constraints acting upon and within the Egyptian Ministry of Education that deter its capacity for administrative reform. Despite being highly bureaucratic, the ministry's administrative structure operates with relative efficiency. However, the ministry cannot seem to change the educational system's…
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Bureaucracy, Developing Nations, Educational Administration