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Leithwood, Kenneth; Sun, Jingping; McCullough, Catherine – Journal of Educational Administration, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to test the effects of nine district characteristics on student achievement, explored the conditions that mediated the effects of such characteristics and contributed to understandings about the role school-level leaders play in district efforts to improve achievement. Design/methodology/approach: Data for the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, School Districts, Administrator Role, School Administration
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Leithwood, Kenneth; Sun, Jingping – Journal of Educational Administration, 2018
Purpose: This study is a quantitative exploration of a new construct the authors label as "academic culture (AC)." Treating it as generalized latent variable composed of academic press (AP), disciplinary climate (DC), and teachers' use of instructional time, the purpose of this paper is to explore the potential of this construct to be a…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Learning Processes, Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Status
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Mascall, Blair; Leithwood, Kenneth; Straus, Tiiu; Sacks, Robin – Journal of Educational Administration, 2008
Purpose: The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between four patterns of distributed leadership and a modified version of a variable Hoy et al. have labeled "teachers' academic optimism." The distributed leadership patterns reflect the extent to which the performance of leadership functions is consciously aligned across…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Leadership Responsibility, Participative Decision Making, Elementary School Teachers