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Mascall, Blair; Leithwood, Kenneth; Straus, Tiiu; Sacks, Robin – Journal of Educational Administration, 2008
Purpose: The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between four patterns of distributed leadership and a modified version of a variable Hoy et al. have labeled "teachers' academic optimism." The distributed leadership patterns reflect the extent to which the performance of leadership functions is consciously aligned across…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Leadership Responsibility, Participative Decision Making, Elementary School Teachers