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Menendez Alvarez-Hevia, David; Naylor, Steven – Journal of Education and Work, 2019
This paper contributes to critical understandings of the significance of employability in current debates about the transformation of Higher Education (HE). We express our concerns about the implications of orientating HE to utilitarian demands in the light of a tendency to align discussions about the significance of studying at university with…
Descriptors: Employment Potential, Higher Education, Education Work Relationship, Student Experience
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Roberts, Ken – Journal of Education and Work, 2009
This paper argues that we have a theory--namely, opportunity structure theory--which can account for how school-to-work transitions were accomplished "then" and "now", and also why "now" is different from "then". Opportunity structures are formed primarily by the inter-relationships between family backgrounds, education, labour market processes…
Descriptors: Labor Market, Education Work Relationship, Employment Opportunities, Economic Opportunities
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Furlong, Andy – Journal of Education and Work, 2009
This paper focuses on some of the conceptual implications of changes in youth transitions over the last 40 years. I argue that changes have often been exaggerated with researchers too enthusiastic to jump on theoretical bandwagons without due regard for empirical evidence. While I suggest that there are important changes that impact on the ways in…
Descriptors: Social Class, Figurative Language, Researchers, Models
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Smeby, Jens-Christian; Vagan, Andre – Journal of Education and Work, 2008
This article examines the discrepancy between newly qualified nurses' and physicians' assessment of acquired knowledge in education and their assessment of the knowledge demands in occupational practice. Knowledge learned in educational institutions is traditionally conceived as general and decontextualised with great potential for transmission…
Descriptors: Physicians, Nurses, Theory Practice Relationship, Questionnaires
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Taylor, Alison; McGray, Robert; Watt-Malcolm, Bonnie – Journal of Education and Work, 2007
This article argues that partnerships for vocational education and training (VET) reflect contradictions within capitalism and labour power, and therefore should be analysed within the broader context of industrial and workplace relations. Therefore, in contrast to a consensual model, we posit an understanding of social partnerships as sites of…
Descriptors: Work Experience Programs, Apprenticeships, Work Experience, Vocational Education
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Karseth, Berit; Nerland, Monika – Journal of Education and Work, 2007
This article explores how contemporary professional associations employ discourses of knowledge as a means of promoting professionalism. By analysing policy documents from the Norwegian associations for teachers, nurses, engineers and accountants, we reveal dominant knowledge discourses and discuss how they serve to position the associations in…
Descriptors: Nurses, Professional Associations, Foreign Countries, Educational Policy
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Wiredu, Gamel O. – Journal of Education and Work, 2007
In this article, I explain the practical learning challenges in distributed workplace learning (WL) that are engendered by distance and contradictory motives between distributed instructors. I draw lessons from an empirical study of the institution of a new profession in the British National Health Service that was operationalised through…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Allied Health Personnel, Improvement, Job Skills
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Strathdee, Rob – Journal of Education and Work, 2007
Flores-Crespo has written a timely paper, "Education, employment and human development: illustrations from Mexico". Flores-Crespo uses Amartya Sen's ideas to bring a fresh perspective to bear on the relationship between higher education and human development. Although there is growing interest in applying Sen's ideas in a range of…
Descriptors: Individual Development, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Employment
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Flores-Crespo, Pedro – Journal of Education and Work, 2007
By applying Amartya Sen's capability approach, this article questions the functionalist idea that suggests that education can precipitate economic growth and development. It will be argued that the freedom-centred perspective advances the concept of human capital and that it allows a deeper understanding of the relationship between higher…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Schools, Employment, Economic Opportunities
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Tanggaard, Lene – Journal of Education and Work, 2007
This article argues in favour of a situated approach to understanding learning in practice at trade vocational school and at trade in vocational education. Boundary crossing is regarded as contributing to expansive situated learning by apprentices across trade vocational school and the trade. The purpose of the article is to show that the…
Descriptors: Vocational Schools, Vocational Education, Trade and Industrial Education, Apprenticeships
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Strathdee, Rob – Journal of Education and Work, 2006
This paper argues that the current skill strategies of New Labour (in England) and the Labour-led Coalition (in New Zealand) are part of a broader project to construct contrasting markets in education and training. On one hand, the skill strategies are helping to construct open education and training markets through creating institutional-based…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Trust (Psychology), Qualifications, Social Networks
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Guile, David – Journal of Education and Work, 2006
This paper challenges the prevailing conventional wisdom in the UK that the government is the sole architect of the education and training (E&T) system and that qualifications are the magic bullet for securing employment in the creative and cultural sector. It also argues that if policy-makers are serious about wanting to diversify the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cultural Pluralism, Certification, Access to Education
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Ashton, David N. – Journal of Education and Work, 2005
This paper argues the case for re-visiting the concepts of high and low skills as used in academic and political debates in the older industrial countries. There the concept of low skills has, for a number of reasons, acquired negative connotations in that low skilled jobs are seen to "drag down" the economy and therefore something which…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Economic Development, Skilled Occupations, Job Skills
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Kraak, Andre – Journal of Education and Work, 2005
This article presents a critique of the 'high skills' argument which, in the international literature, presents a high skill strategy as an adjunct and necessary condition for the successful expansion of human resources development (HRD) alongside social market institutions and 'joined up' policy. For a developing country such as South Africa,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Public Policy, Unemployment, Human Resources
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Journal of Education and Work, 2003
Contains eight articles describing the implementation and outcomes of National Qualifications Frameworks (NQF) in Scotland, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and France. Topics include NQF as a global phenomenon, neoliberal influences, and epistemological issues. (SK)
Descriptors: Credentials, Employment Qualifications, Foreign Countries, National Programs
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