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McConnell, Judith L. – Journal of Education, 1995
A professor and students from Washburn University, Topeka (Kansas) interviewed C. S. Sudduth, one of the few remaining alumni of the Tennessee Town Kindergarten, the first kindergarten for black children west of the Mississippi, founded in 1893. His story preserves a history of educational innovation and equal opportunities for black students.…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Black Students, Early Childhood Education, Educational History
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Powell, Douglas R.; Diamond, Karen E. – Journal of Education, 1995
Examines parent-teacher relationships in early childhood programs, including those for children with disabilities, across five eras of the 20th century. The general approaches have been the earlier tendency to view parents as learners in need of information and the recent trend to involve them in program decision making. (SLD)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Early Childhood Education, Educational History, Information Needs
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Teale, William H. – Journal of Education, 1995
Outlines the most important 20th century developments in reading instruction for young children, analyzing why an approach was tried, and presenting results of these instructional efforts. It is concluded that the current perspective that seems to meet the needs of most children is that of emergent literacy. (SLD)
Descriptors: Early Reading, Educational History, Educational Trends, Elementary Education
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Perkins, Linda M. – Journal of Education, 1990
The organizational efforts of a small cadre of professionally trained Black women, the National Association of College Women (NACW), are examined for the period 1923-54. The efforts of the NACW shed light on the impact of gender as well as race on leadership by these women. (SLD)
Descriptors: Agency Role, Black Education, Black History, Black Influences
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Weiler, Kathleen – Journal of Education, 1990
Education's role in the Allensworth Colony (California) is examined between the colony's founding in 1908 and its decline in the early 1920s. Allensworth was established by African Americans as a model community. Implications of the Allensworth experience and Black opposition to a planned segregated polytechnic institute are discussed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Black History, Black Influences, Blacks, Community Development
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Franklin, V. P. – Journal of Education, 1990
Community leadership roles taken by African-American educators between 1795 and 1954 are reviewed, including biographical sketches of several prominent Blacks. Educators were major figures in African-American movements toward specific cultural objectives. (SLD)
Descriptors: Accountability, Biographies, Black History, Black Institutions
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Hymes, James L., Jr. – Journal of Education, 1995
In 1943 the Kaiser Company opened two centers for the children of mothers working at its shipyards in Portland (Oregon). This nursery school program, an innovative wartime experiment in preschool and day care, was based on principles of respect for the children and their parents. (SLD)
Descriptors: Day Care, Day Care Centers, Early Childhood Education, Educational History
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Lannak, Jane – Journal of Education, 1995
The experiences of Millie Almy, detailed in an oral history, tell the story of landmarks in nursery school education in the 1930s and 1940s. The issues of program quality, teacher qualifications and certification, and parent involvement that concerned program administrators then continue to be central today. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Administration, Educational History, Educational Innovation, Nursery Schools
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Lindenmeyer, Kriste – Journal of Education, 1995
The studies and policies of the U.S. Children's Bureau in the era of Progressive education benefited many children, but its emphasis on the middle-class family ideals and relative disinterest in poverty issues left a legacy with policy implications in today's climate of welfare reform. (SLD)
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Delivery Systems, Early Childhood Education, Educational History
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Kaminsky, James S. – Journal of Education, 1992
Presents a new history of philosophy of education that maintains that dialogs of educational philosophy cannot be understood without reference to the intellectual, political, and social movements of the time. Individuals inside and outside the inner circle of education are considered, and literature only tacitly philosophical is included. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational History, Educational Philosophy, Educational Research, Educational Theories