ERIC Number: EJ689968
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Apr
Tactical Underlife: Understanding Students' Perceptions
Larson, Joanne; Gatto, Lynn Astarita
Journal of Early Childhood Literacy, v4 n1 p11-41 Apr 2004
This article describes one urban classroom and the language and literacy practices jointly constructed by a veteran urban teacher, Lynn Gatto, and her 3rd grade students. Drawing from two ethnographic studies of Gattos 2nd-4th grade looped classroom, we argue that Gatto and her students use the interplay between strategies and tactics (De Certeau, 1984) and between disruptive and contained underlife (Goffman, 1961), or what we are calling tactical underlife, to construct their own spaces of resistance to the constraining demands of the standardization and accountability movement.
Descriptors: Grade 3, Ethnography, Urban Schools, Student Attitudes, Academic Standards, Accountability, Elementary School Teachers, Literacy Education, Teaching Methods, Learning Strategies, Inquiry, Creative Teaching
Sage Publications, 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243 (Toll Free); Fax: 800-583-2665 (Toll Free).
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4
Authoring Institution: N/A