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Beal-Alvarez, Jennifer S. – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
This article presents results of a longitudinal study of receptive American Sign Language (ASL) skills for a large portion of the student body at a residential school for the deaf across four consecutive years. Scores were analyzed by age, gender, parental hearing status, years attending the residential school, and presence of a disability (i.e.,…
Descriptors: American Sign Language, Deafness, Special Schools, Residential Schools
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Dye, Matthew W. G. – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
Development of the visual system typically proceeds in concert with the development of audition. One result is that the visual system of profoundly deaf individuals differs from that of those with typical auditory systems. While past research has suggested deaf people have enhanced attention in the visual periphery, it is still unclear whether or…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Deafness, Adults, Assistive Technology
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Williams, Joshua T.; Newman, Sharlene D. – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
The roles of visual sonority and handshape markedness in sign language acquisition and production were investigated. In Experiment 1, learners were taught sign-nonobject correspondences that varied in sign movement sonority and handshape markedness. Results from a sign-picture matching task revealed that high sonority signs were more accurately…
Descriptors: American Sign Language, Nonverbal Communication, Perception, Reaction Time
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Giezen, Marcel R.; Emmorey, Karen – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
Semantic and lexical decision tasks were used to investigate the mechanisms underlying code-blend facilitation: the finding that hearing bimodal bilinguals comprehend signs in American Sign Language (ASL) and spoken English words more quickly when they are presented together simultaneously than when each is presented alone. More robust…
Descriptors: Semantics, American Sign Language, Bilingual Education, Lexicology
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Peterson, Candida C. – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
Empathy (or sharing another's emotion) and theory of mind (ToM: the understanding that behavior is guided by true and false beliefs) are cornerstones of human social life and relationships. In contrast to ToM, there has been little study of empathy's development, especially in deaf children. Two studies of a total of 117 children (52 hearing; 65…
Descriptors: Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Empathy, Theory of Mind
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Marschark, Marc; Sarchet, Thomastine; Trani, Alexandra – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
Deaf individuals have been found to score lower than hearing individuals across a variety of memory tasks involving both verbal and nonverbal stimuli, particularly those requiring retention of serial order. Deaf individuals who are native signers, meanwhile, have been found to score higher on visual-spatial memory tasks than on verbal-sequential…
Descriptors: Sign Language, Language Usage, Short Term Memory, Hearing (Physiology)
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Mekonnen, Mulat; Hannu, Savolainen; Elina, Lehtomäki; Matti, Kuorelahti – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
The present study investigated the self-concept of deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) students in different educational settings compared with those of hearing students in Ethiopia. The research involved a sample of 103 Grade 4 students selected from 7 towns in Ethiopia. They were selected from a special school for the deaf, a special class for the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Self Concept, Deafness, Hearing Impairments
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Liu, Hsiu Tan; Squires, Bonita; Liu, Chun Jung – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
We can gain a better understanding of short-term memory processes by studying different language codes and modalities. Three experiments were conducted to investigate: (a) Taiwanese Sign Language (TSL) digit spans in Chinese/TSL hearing bilinguals (n = 32); (b) American Sign Language (ASL) digit spans in English/ASL hearing bilinguals (n = 15);…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Bilingual Students, Bilingual Education, Adults
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Dammeyer, Jesper; Marschark, Marc – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
In Scandinavia and some other countries, a bilingual-bicultural approach to deaf education was celebrated in national programs from the mid-1980s until the broad popularity of cochlear implantation in middle 2000s created a shift back to an emphasis on spoken language for many deaf children. At the same time, only a few studies evaluated the…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Deafness, Adults, Bilingual Education
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Nyst, Victoria A. S. – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
In communities with an increased prevalence of hereditary deafness, social, and linguistic adaptations are found in response. Aulbers (1959) describes a high prevalence of deafness in a fishing village on the Dutch coast: Katwijk aan Zee. This article aims to assess the current prevalence of deafness in Katwijk, as well as the current sign…
Descriptors: Deafness, Foreign Countries, Heredity, Genetic Disorders
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Cheng, Sanyin; Zhang, Li-Fang; Hu, Xiaozhong – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
This study explores how students' thinking styles are related to their university self-efficacy, by administering the Thinking Styles Inventory-Revised II and the University Self-Efficacy Scale to 366 deaf or hard-of-hearing (DHH) and 467 hearing university students in mainland China. Results showed that, among all participants, those with Type I…
Descriptors: Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Cognitive Style, Self Efficacy
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Fitzpatrick, Elizabeth; Grandpierre, Viviane; Durieux-Smith, Andrée; Gaboury, Isabelle; Coyle, Doug; Na, Eunjung; Sallam, Nusaiba – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
Children with mild bilateral and unilateral hearing loss are now commonly identified early through newborn hearing screening initiatives. There remains considerable uncertainty about how to support parents and about which services to provide for children with mild bilateral and unilateral hearing loss. The goal of this study was to learn about…
Descriptors: Children, Mild Disabilities, Hearing Impairments, Reflection
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Zaidman-Zait, Anat; Most, Tova; Tarrasch, Ricardo; Haddad-eid, Eliana; Brand, Devora – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
Parenting children who are deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH) presents unique long-term challenges that can place the parents at a greater risk for elevated levels of parenting stress. Adaptation of families to the various challenges presented by childhood hearing loss is influenced by their personal and social coping resources available for managing…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Parents
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Stamp, Rose; Schembri, Adam; Evans, Bronwen G.; Cormier, Kearsy – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
Short-term linguistic accommodation has been observed in a number of spoken language studies. The first of its kind in sign language research, this study aims to investigate the effects of regional varieties in contact and lexical accommodation in British Sign Language (BSL). Twenty-five participants were recruited from Belfast, Glasgow,…
Descriptors: Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Sign Language, Dialects
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Stamp, Rose – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
The degree of mutual intelligibility of British Sign Language (BSL) regional varieties has been a subject of some debate. Recent research in which dyads of signers from contrasting regional backgrounds engaged in a conversational task showed no problems understanding one another. The present study investigated signers' knowledge of different BSL…
Descriptors: Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Sign Language, Dialects
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