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Marschark, M. – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2005
Alexander Graham Bell is often portrayed as either hero or villain of deaf individuals and the Deaf community. His writings, however, indicate that he was neither, and was not as clearly definite in his beliefs about language as is often supposed. The following two articles, reprinted from The Educator (1898), Vol. V, pp. 3?4 and pp. 38?44,…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Educational Philosophy, Sign Language, Deafness
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Weisel, Amatzia; Most, Tova; Efron, Clara – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2005
This study examined strategies for initiating social interactions with peers, among 4 children with hearing impairment, aged 33 to 36 months, attending a special early education center or a regular kindergarten. The study investigated initiation type (related to partner's hearing status) and rates of initiation success/failure vis-a-vis hearing…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Preschool Children, Hearing Impairments, Special Programs
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Gutman, Virginia – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2005
Ethical problems encountered by mental health practitioners working with deaf clients are often complex and involve issues not fully addressed in professional codes of ethics. A principles-based ethical reasoning process can assist in resolving many of these ethical concerns. Principles such as beneficence, nonmaleficence, autonomy, fairness,…
Descriptors: Deafness, Mental Health, Health Personnel, Ethics
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Hintermair, Manfred; Albertini, John A. – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2005
In the last 50 years, several new technologies have become enormously important within the Deaf community and have helped significantly to improve deaf people's lives in a hearing world. Current public attention and admiration, however, seems unduly focused on medical technologies that promise to solve "the problem" of being deaf. One reason for…
Descriptors: Ethics, Deafness, Family (Sociological Unit), Decision Making
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Vernon, McCay – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2005
In 1965, McCay Vernon drove a stake through the heart of the long-established "truth" that deaf people were inferior to hearing people. Launched by Aristotle, emboldened by the 1880 Conference of Milan, and reiterated in the twentieth century through the biased research of many psychologists, this falsehood persisted until the publication of this…
Descriptors: Literature Reviews, Deafness, Partial Hearing, Children
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Antia, Shirin D.; Reed, Susanne; Kreimeyer, Kathryn H. – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2005
We obtained data on the writing of 110 deaf or hard-of-hearing students attending public schools who completed the spontaneous writing portion of the Test of Written Language. The average written quotient for the sample was in the below-average range but within 1 standard deviation of the test mean. Forty-nine percent of the sample received…
Descriptors: Deafness, Partial Hearing, Written Language, Public Schools
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Trezek, Beverly J.; Malmgren, Kimber W. – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2005
Research indicates that the acquisition of phonemic awareness and phonic skills is highly correlated with later success in learning to read. Numerous studies support the hypothesis that deaf and hard-of-hearing children are able to utilize alternative systems to develop phonological awareness that are not dependent on the ability to hear sounds or…
Descriptors: Deafness, Partial Hearing, Phonics, Middle School Students
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Lane, Harlan – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2005
This article is concerned with ethical aspects of the relations between language minorities using signed languages (called the Deaf-World) and the larger societies that engulf them. The article aims to show that such minorities have the properties of ethnic groups, and that an unsuitable construction of the Deaf-World as a disability group has…
Descriptors: Ethics, Deafness, Sign Language, Language Minorities
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Bauman, H-Dirksen L. – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2005
This article explores the recent controversy surrounding a Deaf lesbian couple's deliberate attempt at finding a Deaf donor to increase their chances of having a d/Deaf baby. Many have criticized the Deaf couple for harming their child; Deaf advocates have responded that the couple's decision reflects a natural cultural desire. This article seeks…
Descriptors: Deafness, Homosexuality, Children, Ethics
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Meadow, Kathryn P. – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2005
The basic impoverishment of deafness is not lack of hearing but lack of language. To illustrate this, we have only to compare a 4-year-old hearing child, with a working vocabulary of between 2,000 and 3,000 words, to a child of the same age, profoundly deaf since infancy, who may have only a few words at his command. Even more important than…
Descriptors: Manual Communication, Deafness, Children, Language Acquisition
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Terezinha, Nunes; Ursula, Pretzlik; Selin Ilicak – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2005
This paper analyzes the reliability and validity of a questionnaire designed by Archbold, Lutman, Gregory, O'Neil, and Nikolpoulos (2002) for the assessment of pediatric cochlear implantation. Parents of 61 youngsters (age range 5 to 16 years), who had the implant for at least 3 years, responded to the questionnaire and to an interview. The alpha…
Descriptors: Questionnaires, Pediatrics, Assistive Technology, Reliability
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Loots, Gerrit; Devise, Isabel; Jacquet, Wolfgang – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2005
This article presents a study that examined the impact of visual communication on the quality of the early interaction between deaf and hearing mothers and fathers and their deaf children aged between 18 and 24 months. Three communication mode groups of parent?deaf child dyads that differed by the use of signing and visual?tactile communication…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Parent Child Relationship, Deafness, Total Communication
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Johnston, Trevor – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2005
The ethics of the use of genetic screening and reproductive technologies to select against and for deafness is presented. It is argued that insofar as deafness is a disability it is ethical to act in such a way as to avoid the conception or birth of children with genetic or congenital deafness. The discovery and recognition of signing deaf…
Descriptors: Ethics, Deafness, Genetics, Birth
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Czubek, Todd A.; Greenwald, Janey – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2005
Every so often there are stories that take the world by storm and make such an impact that they become part of our everyday world. These stories, characters, and themes become established elements of cultural literacy. This is exactly what has happened with J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter series. Harry and his cohort of wizards, witches, and their…
Descriptors: Deafness, Childrens Literature, American Sign Language, Teaching Methods
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Muir, Laura J.; Richardson, Iain E. G. – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2005
Video communication systems for deaf people are limited in terms of quality and performance. Analysis of visual attention mechanisms for sign language may enable optimization of video coding systems for deaf users. Eye-movement tracking experiments were conducted with profoundly deaf volunteers while watching sign language video clips. Deaf people…
Descriptors: Deafness, Sign Language, Perception, Audiovisual Communications
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