ERIC Number: EJ1098878
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
The Role of Students' Motivation and Participation in Predicting Performance in a MOOC
de Barba, P. G.; Kennedy, G. E.; Ainley, M. D.
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, v32 n3 p218-231 Jun 2016
Over the last 5 years, massive open online courses (MOOCs) have increasingly provided learning opportunities across the world in a variety of domains. As with many emerging educational technologies, why and how people come to MOOCs needs to be better understood and importantly what factors contribute to learners' MOOC performance. It is known that online learning environments require greater levels of self-regulation, and that high levels of motivation are crucial to activate these skills. However, motivation is a complex construct and research on how it functions in MOOCs is still in its early stages. Research presented in this article investigated how motivation and participation influence students' performance in a MOOC, more specifically those students who persist to the end of the MOOC. Findings indicated that the strongest predictor of performance was participation, followed by motivation. Motivation influenced and was influenced by students' participation during the course. Moreover, situational interest played a crucial role in mediating the impact of general intrinsic motivation and participation on performance. The results are discussed in relation to how educators and designers of MOOCs can use knowledge emerging from motivational assessments and participation measures gleaned from learning analytics to tailor the design and delivery of courses.
Descriptors: Online Courses, Large Group Instruction, Educational Technology, Electronic Learning, Technology Uses in Education, Predictor Variables, Student Motivation, Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence, Student Participation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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