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Xu, Yonghong Jade; Webber, Karen L. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
Theoretically grounded in Tinto's model of retention and Braxton and colleagues' revisions , this study is designed to examine the applicability of the integration model to students of different racial backgrounds. Results from a sample of full-time undergraduate students at a research-extensive university suggest that (a) academic and social…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, School Holding Power, Academic Persistence, Student Diversity
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Wilson, Steffen P.; Gore, Jonathan S.; Renfro, Amanda; Blake, Marion; Muncie, Eric; Treadway, Jodi – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
The purpose of the studies reported here was to test the hypothesis that college students from cultures that emphasize strong family ties experience familial tethering or a pull to remain connected to home, which then has negative consequences on the student's ability to connect to and succeed at the university. In Study 1, it was found that…
Descriptors: Geographic Regions, Family School Relationship, Correlation, Hypothesis Testing
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Xu, Yonghong Jade – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
In this study, an online survey was constructed based on the extant literature on college student success. The survey was used to collect data from a sample of college students in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) majors in order to examine their learning experiences and to identify the factors that may influence their persistence…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Majors (Students), Academic Persistence, Online Surveys
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Knight, William; Wessel, Roger D.; Markle, Larry – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
The study sought to determine whether students with disabilities are disadvantaged because of state and institutional performance-based policies providing incentives for 4-year graduation. In a longitudinal study of 32,187 students at a Midwestern Research University, the retention and graduation rates, and mean years to graduation, of students…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Academic Persistence, Disadvantaged, State Policy
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Taylor, Donnalee B.; Harrison, Glenn J. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
The James Cook University (JCU) Biomedical Science students struggle with their first year and "second-choice-syndrome" as evidenced by high inter-degree transfer rates and low primary degree completions despite the cohort having high subject or unit grade point averages. This project evaluated the impact of two extracurricular support…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, School Holding Power, Foreign Countries, Academic Persistence
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Roland, Nathalie; Frenay, Mariane; Boudrenghien, Gentiane – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
High drop-out rates among first-year university students have led many researchers to attempt to gain a better understanding of academic persistence. However, despite this extensive literature, only a few studies have taken normative factors into account. These normative factors may be an essential factor of influence for persistence as it is…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Behavior Theories, College Freshmen, Behavior Standards
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Biddix, J. Patrick; Singer, Kaitlin I.; Aslinger, Emilie – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
This study examines the impact of joining a National Panhellenic Conference sorority on first-year retention. We compiled and analyzed data for first-year sorority members from 86 chapters using institutional records at sixteen 4-year colleges and universities. A total of 4,243 cases comprised the data set, which included records for 2,104 members…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, School Holding Power, Sororities, Group Membership
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Flanders, Gordon R. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
This study measured the rate of retention to the second semester among first-time, full-time freshman college students who attempted a gateway course within their declared major during their first semester of college compared with students who declared a major, completed a course, but not the gateway course in their major and students who did not…
Descriptors: School Holding Power, College Freshmen, Courses, Academic Achievement
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Sulak, Tracey N.; Massey, Jennifer; Thomson, David – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
Universities struggle to raise retention rates among first-year students. Traditional analyses have not only focused on large-scale issues and addressed the needs of the majority but also done little to change overall retention numbers. The current study demonstrates the benefit of using a person-centered approach to retention research. Latent…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, School Holding Power, College Freshmen, Private Colleges
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Swanson, Nicole M.; Vaughan, Angela L.; Wilkinson, Brett D. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
Research has revealed a gender gap where male students have higher rates of academic difficulties and lower college enrollment and graduation rates compared with females. This study measured the relationship of male student (including first-generation and minority students) participation in a first-year seminar and their first-term grade point…
Descriptors: Seminars, Males, College Students, Academic Achievement
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Callahan, Janet; Belcheir, Marcia – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
Methods that provide an early indicator of factors that affect student persistence are important to colleges and universities. This quantitative research focused on the role of level of entry mathematics and English and also on grades earned in those classes, as they relate to persistence after 1 year. The research showed that by far, the variable…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, English Instruction, Academic Persistence, Comparative Analysis
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Gansemer-Topf, Ann M.; Kollasch, Aurelia; Sun, Jie – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
Improving student persistence, especially in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, continues to be at the forefront of national educational policy discussions. Living in university housing, with its focus specifically on assisting students in transition, has consistently been positively related to student persistence.…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Academic Persistence, On Campus Students, College Freshmen
Yomtov, Dani; Plunkett, Scott W.; Efrat, Rafi; Marin, Adriana Garcia – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
The effectiveness of a peer-mentoring program was examined at a university in California. Previous studies suggest university peer mentoring might increase students' feelings of engagement, which can contribute to their retention. Pretest and posttest data were collected from 304 freshmen (mentored and nonmentored) during the fall of 2012 in a…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Mentors, Peer Teaching, Pretests Posttests
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Yu, Hongwei – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
Student retention has garnered increased attentions in higher education. Drawing from various theoretical perspectives, researchers have developed multiple theoretical models to explain or predict student retention. Most models, however, were intended for traditional aged, full-time students at 4-year colleges or universities. The rapid growth of…
Descriptors: Two Year College Students, Community Colleges, Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence
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Wibrowski, Connie R.; Matthews, Wendy K.; Kitsantas, Anastasia – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
The purpose of this longitudinal study was to assess the impact of the Skills Learning Support Program (SLSP) aimed to support entering first-generation college students' motivational beliefs, use of self-regulatory strategies, and academic achievement. The study included 137 students from ethnically diverse cultural backgrounds who were in need…
Descriptors: First Generation College Students, Student Motivation, Academic Achievement, Longitudinal Studies
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