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Melendez, Mickey C. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2019
College student adjustment, success, and retention have been a focus of college administrators and student development professionals for decades. However, national college retention and graduation statistics are typically focused on full-time residential college populations. The purpose of the current study was to examine more closely the…
Descriptors: Student Adjustment, Place of Residence, Racial Differences, Ethnicity
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Tucker, Leslie; McKnight, Oscar – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2019
This study assessed the feasibility of using precollege success indicators to identify at-risk students at a large 4-year public research university in the Midwest. Retention data from students who participated in an established student success program were examined. The findings affirm that the initial admissions assessment identifying at-risk…
Descriptors: Validity, Academic Achievement, College Students, At Risk Students
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Savage, Matthew W.; Strom, Renee E.; Ebesu Hubbard, Amy S.; Aune, Krystyna S. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2019
This investigation theoretically extended Tinto's model of student persistence by drawing on interpersonal communication research to elaborate on the role of commitment in student persistence. College student departure literature was reviewed and critiqued concerning the conceptualization and measurement of commitment within the interactionalist…
Descriptors: College Students, Academic Persistence, Student Motivation, Student School Relationship
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Kodama, Corinne M.; Han, Cheon-Woo; Moss, Tom; Myers, Brittany; Farruggia, Susan P. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
The present study examines the outcomes of a 5-week summer bridge writing program at a Midwestern, urban, public university designed to provide remedial instruction for incoming first-year college students, approximately 500 students annually for 7 years. Regression results showed that program participation was a positive, significant predictor on…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Writing Instruction, Urban Schools, Remedial Instruction
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Farruggia, Susan P.; Han, Cheon-woo; Watson, Lakeshia; Moss, Thomas P.; Bottoms, Bette L. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
Farrington and colleagues developed a model that contends that academic mindsets, academic perseverance, learning strategies, social skills, and academic behaviors affect academic success. This study tests a modified version of this model with first-year students (n = 1,603) at a large, ethnically diverse, urban university. The hypothesized…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, College Freshmen, School Holding Power, Academic Persistence
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Sanchez, Jafeth E.; Lowman, Jennifer L.; Hill, Kathleen A. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
Given the major investment in the Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs (GEAR UP) grant, rising postsecondary access, trends in poor persistence and retention rates, and the ongoing accountability measures in higher education, it is critical to examine factors related to postsecondary performance and persistence of GEAR…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence, School Holding Power, Undergraduate Study
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Wilson, Steffen P.; Gore, Jonathan S.; Renfro, Amanda; Blake, Marion; Muncie, Eric; Treadway, Jodi – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
The purpose of the studies reported here was to test the hypothesis that college students from cultures that emphasize strong family ties experience familial tethering or a pull to remain connected to home, which then has negative consequences on the student's ability to connect to and succeed at the university. In Study 1, it was found that…
Descriptors: Geographic Regions, Family School Relationship, Correlation, Hypothesis Testing
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Holt, Laura J.; Fifer, James E. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
Peer mentoring programs frequently are implemented on college campuses to enhance first-year college student retention; however, few studies have examined characteristics of peer mentors that are associated with more supportive mentor-mentee relationships, leaving college personnel with a limited understanding of how to improve these vital…
Descriptors: Mentors, Peer Relationship, College Freshmen, Academic Persistence
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Heller, Monica L.; Cassady, Jerrell C. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
The current study explored the differential influences that behavioral learning strategies (i.e., cognitive-metacognitive, resource management), motivational profiles, and academic anxiety appraisals have on college-level learners in two unique learning contexts. Using multivariate analysis of variance and discriminant analysis, the study first…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, College Students, Universities
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Jensen, Jamie L.; Neeley, Shannon; Hatch, Jordan B.; Piorczynski, Ted – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
The United States produces too few Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) graduates to meet demand. We investigated scientific reasoning ability as a possible factor in STEM retention. To do this, we classified students in introductory biology courses at a large private university as either declared STEM or non-STEM majors and…
Descriptors: Science Process Skills, Thinking Skills, Abstract Reasoning, Retention (Psychology)
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DeLaRosby, Hal R. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
Academic advising satisfaction is highly correlated with retention in higher education. Thriving Quotient survey responses were collected from undergraduate students at a private, liberal arts college in the Pacific Northwest. Using a multiple regression analysis, this study examined what "student characteristics" and "collegiate…
Descriptors: Student Characteristics, Academic Advising, School Holding Power, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Heiny, Robert L.; Heiny, Erik L.; Raymond, Karen – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
Two approaches, Linear Discriminant Analysis, and Logistic Regression are used and compared to predict success or failure for first-time freshmen in the first calculus course at a medium-sized public, 4-year institution prior to Fall registration. The predictor variables are high school GPA, the number, and GPA's of college prep mathematics…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, College Mathematics, Calculus, Student Placement
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Ulmer, Ward; Means, Darris R.; Cawthon, Tony W.; Kristensen, Sheryl A. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2016
This study explores whether performance in remedial English and remedial math is a predictor of success in a college-level introduction English or college-level math class; and whether demographic variables increase the likelihood of remedial English and remedial math as a predictor of success in a college-level introduction English or…
Descriptors: Investigations, Remedial Instruction, Remedial Reading, Remedial Mathematics
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Davidson, J. Cody – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2016
Mathematics is the most common subject area of remedial need and the majority of remedial math students never pass a college-level credit-bearing math class. The majorities of studies that investigate this phenomenon are conducted at community colleges and use some type of regression model; however, none have used a continuation ratio model. The…
Descriptors: Regression (Statistics), Remedial Mathematics, Academic Persistence, Remedial Instruction
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Gershenfeld, Susan; Hood, Denice Ward; Zhan, Min – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2016
Academic performance is a primary predictor of college graduation, yet few studies have examined one of the earliest indicators of academic performance--first-semester grade point average (GPA). Given the considerable public and private investment in ensuring access for underrepresented students, a focus on the role of first-semester GPA for these…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Grade Point Average, Predictor Variables, Graduation Rate
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