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Melendez, Mickey C. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2019
College student adjustment, success, and retention have been a focus of college administrators and student development professionals for decades. However, national college retention and graduation statistics are typically focused on full-time residential college populations. The purpose of the current study was to examine more closely the…
Descriptors: Student Adjustment, Place of Residence, Racial Differences, Ethnicity
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Simpson, Denise Balfour; Burnett, Dana – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2019
This study focused on the relationship between living arrangement (residential vs. commuter) and the academic performance (grade point average) of first-year, full time undergraduate students at one public, 4-year university in the Southeast. Additionally, we analyzed five educationally effective practices as described by the National Survey of…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Learner Engagement, Academic Achievement, Grade Point Average
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Watson, Aretha; Chen, Rong – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2019
Although the existence of state-funded student support services programs dates to the 1960s, studies on how such programs play a role in student success are scarce. By utilizing unique institutional data and a comprehensive conceptual model integrating multiple theories, this study examines the relationship between the New Jersey educational…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Educational Finance, College Freshmen, Two Year College Students
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Poole, Alex – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2019
Research has shown that males often struggle with the demands of college, one of which involves comprehending academic texts. Many males, however, do understand course readings and are successful students. Unfortunately, little is known about how successful and struggling college males differ in their use of "reading strategies," the…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, College Freshmen, Males, Reading Comprehension
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Mettler, Jessica; Carsley, Dana; Joly, Mélanie; Heath, Nancy L. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2019
The transition to university is a stressful period for young adults; however, there has been limited research examining the predictive role of dispositional mindfulness in supporting first-year students' adjustment to university. The current study sought to examine the relative contribution of gender, self-efficacy, perceived social support from…
Descriptors: Student Adjustment, College Freshmen, Personality, Metacognition
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Loeb, Emily; Hurd, Noelle M. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2019
Underrepresented college students are more likely than majority students to underperform and drop out of college. Perceptions of status relative to other students may play a key role in this process. The current study uses subjective social status (SSS) to predict underrepresented students' grade point average via their sense of academic…
Descriptors: Social Status, Academic Achievement, Disproportionate Representation, Competence
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Everett, Michele C. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2019
This article reports on an exploratory study that investigated the use of student drawings as a visual research method to understand the first-year experience. A total of 31 undeclared students enrolled in a first-year seminar participated in the study. Data generated from pre- and postdrawings of students' first semester paths were analyzed to…
Descriptors: Freehand Drawing, Student Experience, College Freshmen, First Year Seminars
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Kodama, Corinne M.; Han, Cheon-Woo; Moss, Tom; Myers, Brittany; Farruggia, Susan P. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
The present study examines the outcomes of a 5-week summer bridge writing program at a Midwestern, urban, public university designed to provide remedial instruction for incoming first-year college students, approximately 500 students annually for 7 years. Regression results showed that program participation was a positive, significant predictor on…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Writing Instruction, Urban Schools, Remedial Instruction
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Farruggia, Susan P.; Han, Cheon-woo; Watson, Lakeshia; Moss, Thomas P.; Bottoms, Bette L. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
Farrington and colleagues developed a model that contends that academic mindsets, academic perseverance, learning strategies, social skills, and academic behaviors affect academic success. This study tests a modified version of this model with first-year students (n = 1,603) at a large, ethnically diverse, urban university. The hypothesized…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, College Freshmen, School Holding Power, Academic Persistence
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Sanchez, Jafeth E.; Lowman, Jennifer L.; Hill, Kathleen A. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
Given the major investment in the Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs (GEAR UP) grant, rising postsecondary access, trends in poor persistence and retention rates, and the ongoing accountability measures in higher education, it is critical to examine factors related to postsecondary performance and persistence of GEAR…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence, School Holding Power, Undergraduate Study
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Covarrubias, Rebecca; Gallimore, Ronald; Okagaki, Lynn – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
At many higher education institutions, admissions decisions often rely on standardized test scores and high school grades; yet, they are less reliable predictors for applicants falling slightly below cutoff points, what we call borderline applicants. Since borderline applicants are often from underrepresented backgrounds and diverted to 2-year…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, College Applicants, Transitional Programs, Disproportionate Representation
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Holt, Laura J.; Fifer, James E. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
Peer mentoring programs frequently are implemented on college campuses to enhance first-year college student retention; however, few studies have examined characteristics of peer mentors that are associated with more supportive mentor-mentee relationships, leaving college personnel with a limited understanding of how to improve these vital…
Descriptors: Mentors, Peer Relationship, College Freshmen, Academic Persistence
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Hughes, Amber N.; Gibbons, Melinda M. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine the career development of underprepared college students using relational career theory. Specifically, the constructs of family influence, locus of control, and career decision-making self-efficacy were explored as they relate to perceived success in college. Significant correlations between external locus…
Descriptors: Career Development, College Students, Locus of Control, Career Choice
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Knight, William; Wessel, Roger D.; Markle, Larry – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
The study sought to determine whether students with disabilities are disadvantaged because of state and institutional performance-based policies providing incentives for 4-year graduation. In a longitudinal study of 32,187 students at a Midwestern Research University, the retention and graduation rates, and mean years to graduation, of students…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Academic Persistence, Disadvantaged, State Policy
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Hamman, Karen J. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
Institutions of higher education invest a lot of resources into supporting and retaining students, and most colleges and universities offer systems of support for students who struggle academically in the form of support programs for students on academic probation. This study aimed to determine the demographic factors that potentially contribute…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Probation, College Freshmen, Grade Point Average
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