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Showing 121 to 135 of 463 results Save | Export
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Sachet, Alison B.; Frey, Scott H.; Jacobs, Stéphane; Taylor, Marjorie – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The development of the correspondence between real and imagined motor actions was investigated in 2 experiments. Experiment 1 evaluated whether children imagine body position judgments of fine motor actions in the same way as they perform them. Thirty-two 8-year-old children completed a task in which an object was presented in different…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Motor Reactions, Motor Development, Human Body
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Abuhatoum, Shireen; Howe, Nina; Della Porta, Sandra; Recchia, Holly; Ross, Hildy – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
This study examined siblings' knowledge about the teaching concept during naturalistic teaching contexts, wherein children's communicative interactions were used as a gateway to their social understanding (Turnbull, Carpendale, & Racine, 2009). Participants included 39 sibling dyads (older age group, M[subscript age] = 6;4; younger age group,…
Descriptors: Siblings, Children, Knowledge Level, Teaching (Occupation)
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Miller, Michael R.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany; Loehr, Abbey M.; Fyfe, Emily R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Children's knowledge of repeating patterns (e.g., ABBABB) is a central component of early mathematics, but the developmental mechanisms underlying this knowledge are currently unknown. We sought clarity on the importance of relational knowledge and executive function (EF) to preschoolers' understanding of repeating patterns. One hundred…
Descriptors: Young Children, Knowledge Level, Executive Function, Mathematical Concepts
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Ziv, Margalit; Solomon, Ayelet; Strauss, Sidney; Frye, Douglas – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The relations among children's theory of mind (ToM), their understanding of the intentionality of teaching, and their own peer teaching strategies were tested. Seventy-five 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds completed 11 ToM and understanding-of-teaching tasks. Subsequently, 30 of the children were randomly chosen to teach a peer how to play a board game,…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Young Children, Peer Teaching, Games
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Brez, Caitlin C.; Miller, Angela D.; Ramirez, Erin M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Numerical estimation has been used to study how children mentally represent numbers for many years (e.g., Siegler & Opfer, 2003). However, these studies have always presented children with positive numbers and positive number lines. Children's mental representation of negative numbers has never been addressed. The present study tested children…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Numeracy, Numbers, Grade 2
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Williams, Amanda; Steele, Jennifer R.; Lipman, Corey – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
In the current research, we examined whether the Affect Misattribution Procedure (AMP) could be successfully adapted as an implicit measure of children's attitudes. We tested this possibility in 3 studies with 5- to 10-year-old children. In Study 1, we found evidence that children misattribute affect elicited by attitudinally positive (e.g., cute…
Descriptors: Animals, Gender Differences, Priming, Psychological Patterns
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Paterson, Sarah J.; Parish-Morris, Julia; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathryn; Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Various theorists have argued for the importance of a developmental approach to studying typical development (Karmiloff-Smith, 1998; Lerner, 1996; Lerner & Hood, 1986; Masten & Cicchetti, 2010; Overton, 2014; Overton & Lerner, 2012, 2014), and there are reasons to believe that this issue is even more critical to the study of…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Brain, Child Development, Developmental Stages
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Nolan-Reyes, Charlotte; Callanan, Maureen A.; Haigh, Kirsten A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Young children tend to judge improbable events to be impossible, yet there is variability across age and across individuals. Our study examined parent-child conversations about impossible and improbable events and links between parents' explanations about those events and children's possibility judgments in a reasoning task. Regression analyses…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Young Children, Regression (Statistics), Reading Aloud to Others
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Lopez-Mobilia, Gabriel; Woolley, Jacqueline D. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
In 2 studies, we attempted to capture the information-processing abilities underlying children's reality-status judgments. Forty 5- to 6-year-olds and 53 7- to 8-year-olds heard about novel entities (animals) that varied in their fit with children's world knowledge. After hearing about each entity, children could either guess reality status…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Children, Animals, Decision Making
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Ferrara, Katrina; Hoffman, James E.; O'Hearn, Kirsten; Landau, Barbara – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The ability to track moving objects is a crucial skill for performance in everyday spatial tasks. The tracking mechanism depends on representation of moving items as coherent entities, which follow the spatiotemporal constraints of objects in the world. In the present experiment, participants tracked 1 to 4 targets in a display of 8 identical…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Visual Stimuli, Intellectual Disability, Adults
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Fuhs, Mary Wagner; McNeil, Nicole M.; Kelley, Ken; O'Rear, Connor; Villano, Michael – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Recent findings have suggested that adults' and children's approximate number system (ANS) acuity may be malleable through training, but research on ANS acuity has largely been conducted with adults and children who are from middle- to high-income homes. We conducted 2 experiments to test the malleability of ANS acuity in preschool-aged children…
Descriptors: Number Systems, Preschool Children, Low Income Groups, Probability
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Yott, Jessica; Poulin-Dubois, Diane – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The development of theory of mind (ToM) in infancy has been mainly documented through studies conducted on a single age group with a single task. Very few studies have examined ToM abilities other than false belief, and very few studies have used a within-subjects design. During 2 testing sessions, infants aged 14 and 18 months old were…
Descriptors: Infants, Theory of Mind, Cognitive Ability, Intention
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Bauer, Patricia J.; Varga, Nicole L.; King, Jessica E.; Nolen, Ayla M.; White, Elizabeth A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Semantic knowledge can be extended in a variety of ways, including self-generation of new facts through integration of separate yet related episodes. We sought to promote integration and self-generation by providing "hints" to help 6-year-olds (Experiment 1) and 4-year-olds (Experiment 2) see the relevance of separate episodes to one…
Descriptors: Semantics, Children, Young Children, Control Groups
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Baron, Andrew Scott; Dunham, Yarrow – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Three experiments explored whether group membership affects the acquisition of richer information about social groups. Employing a minimal-groups paradigm, 6- to 8-year-olds were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 novel social groups. Experiment 1 demonstrated that immediately following random assignment to a novel group, children were more likely to…
Descriptors: Group Membership, Young Children, Antisocial Behavior, Prosocial Behavior
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Mitchell, Robert W.; Clark, Heather – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Young children asked to pretend to use a series of absent objects typically pantomime by using a body part as the object (BPO) rather than by acting as if using an imaginary object (IO). This replication of Lyons's work (1983, 1986) examines whether different pretend contexts when requesting pantomimes influence children's use of IO and BPO…
Descriptors: Pantomime, Human Body, Imagination, Young Children
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