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Showing 46 to 60 of 463 results Save | Export
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Seidler, Anna Lene; Ritchie, Stuart J. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
There are socioeconomic-status (SES) differences in cognitive development. Various factors have been proposed that might explain this association, and one of these factors is the home environment. The present study examined a chaotic home atmosphere as a potential mediator of the association between parental SES and cognitive development. A…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Status, Cognitive Development, Young Children
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Shtulman, Andrew – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Developmental psychologists are increasingly writing articles, columns, books, and blogs for the general public, but this type of writing can be challenging. Here, I provide guidance on how to communicate scientific ideas to nonscientists, touching on what content to cover, how to organize that content, what language to use, and what tone to…
Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Science and Society, Developmental Psychology, Writing (Composition)
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Palmquist, Carolyn M.; Fierro, Marissa G. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Although preschoolers have strong expectations about the pedagogical nature of pointing gestures (Csibra & Gergely, 2006), more recent work has shown that preschoolers prefer to use informants' spoken language, not their pointing gestures, to make judgments about their reliability (Palmquist & Jaswal, 2015). Here, we explored children's…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Generalization, Reliability, Knowledge Level
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Heck, Isobel A.; Chernyak, Nadia; Sobel, David M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Young children are remarkably compliant with social norms, especially those governing fairness and equality. Yet children also frequently observe and face opportunities to violate those social norms, particularly in situations in which doing so is self-beneficial. In 3 studies, we investigated the conditions under which children adhere to social…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Compliance (Psychology), Ethics, Social Behavior
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Graf Estes, Katharine; Antovich, Dylan M.; Hay, Jessica F. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
This research investigates the development of constraints in word learning. Previous experiments have shown that as infants gain more knowledge of native language structure, they become more selective about the forms that they accept as labels. However, the developmental pattern exhibited depends greatly on the way that infants are introduced to…
Descriptors: Barriers, Language Acquisition, Infants, Age Differences
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Vasilyeva, Marina; Laski, Elida; Veraksa, Aleksandr; Weber, Lindsey; Bukhalenkova, Daria – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
It is imperative to identify contextual factors contributing to the development of early math skills, considering their role in later academic achievement. To pursue this goal, the present study investigated the paths connecting parental beliefs and practices during the preschool years to children's numeric skills at the end of kindergarten…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Beliefs, Mathematics Skills, Academic Achievement
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Nicoladis, Elena; Jiang, Zixia – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
The primary purpose of the present study was to test language and cognitive predictors of lexical selection in the storytelling of monolingual and bilingual children. Measures of language proficiency and cognitive ability were assessed with both English- and Mandarin-speaking monolinguals and Mandarin-English bilinguals aged 4 to 6 years old. To…
Descriptors: Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Cognitive Ability, Vocabulary Development
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DeNigris, Danielle; Brooks, Patricia J. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
The ability to recognize temporal patterns and position events in time emerges during the preschool years and is refined in middle childhood. This study explored individual differences in temporal cognition in relation to verbal and nonverbal abilities. Children (30 boys, 32 girls; M[subscript age] = 8;2, age range = 6;0-10;8) completed 3…
Descriptors: Language Role, Cognitive Processes, Time, Children
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He, Wei; Yang, Yingying; Gao, Dingguo – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
There have been mixed results in studies investigating proportional reasoning in young children. The current study aimed to examine whether providing visual scaling cues and structuring the reasoning process can improve proportional reasoning in 5- to 6-year-old children. In a series of computerized tasks, children compared the sweetness of 2…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Young Children, Task Analysis, Evaluative Thinking
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Rakison, David H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
The 4 experiments reported here used the preferential looking and habituation paradigms to examine whether 5-month-olds possess a perceptual template for snakes, sharks, and rodents. It was predicted that if infants possess such a template, then they would attend preferentially to schematic images of these nonhuman animal stimuli relative to…
Descriptors: Infants, Habituation, Eye Movements, Animals
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Gülgöz, Selin; Gomez, Eric M.; DeMeules, Madeleine R.; Olson, Kristina R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Despite extant evidence of negative peer treatment of transgender adolescents and adults, little is known about how young children perceive transgender peers, particularly those who have socially transitioned or are living in line with their gender rather than sex at birth. Whereas children have been shown to be averse to gender nonconformity in…
Descriptors: Children, Sexual Identity, Gender Issues, Identification (Psychology)
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Brosseau-Liard, Patricia E.; Iannuzziello, Alana; Varin, Jade – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Children frequently select learning sources based on epistemic cues, or cues pertaining to informants' knowledge. Previous research has shown that preschoolers preferentially learn from informants who have been accurate in the past, appear confident, or have had visual access to relevant information. The present series of studies aimed to…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Preschool Children, Epistemology, Cues
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Erb, Christopher D. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Developmental theory has long emphasized the importance of linking perception, cognition, and action. Techniques designed to record the spatial and temporal characteristics of hand movements (i.e., "manual dynamics") present new opportunities to study the nature of these links across development by providing a window into how perceptual,…
Descriptors: Motor Reactions, Children, Measurement Techniques, Adults
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Byrnes, James P.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Wang, Aubrey H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
As the United States experiences greater income inequality, more and more students experience an early science achievement gap. This study tested several competing theoretical models of early science achievement with a longitudinal sample of 14,624 children who were followed from kindergarten entry to the end of 1st grade. To understand why and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Kindergarten
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Pohl, Rüdiger F.; Bayen, Ute J.; Arnold, Nina; Auer, Tina-Sarah; Martin, Claudia – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Hindsight bias is the tendency to overestimate one's prior knowledge of a fact or event after learning the actual fact. Recent research has suggested that age-related differences in hindsight bias may be based on age-related differences in inhibitory control. We tested whether this explanation held for 3 cognitive processes assumed to underlie…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Cognitive Processes, Memory, Bias
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